across

کلمه
across
معنی: 

 from one ​side to the other of something with ​clear ​limits, such as an ​area of ​land, a ​road, or a ​river.

معادل فارسی: 

از عرض، در امتداد، به طور متقاطع

سطح، موضوع و برچسب

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

across

across S1 W1 /əˈkrɒs $ əˈkrɒːs/ adverb, preposition
[Date: 1200-1300; Language: Anglo-French; Origin: an crois 'in cross']
1. from one side of something to the other:
the first flight across the Atlantic
They ran straight across the road (=without stopping).
We’ll have to swim across.
We’d got halfway across before Philip realized he’d left his money at home.
We gazed across the valley.
2. towards someone or something on the other side of an area:
There’s Brendan. Why don’t you go across and say hello?
across to/at
The referee looked across at his linesman before awarding the penalty.
He walked across to where I was sitting.
3. used to say that something exists or reaches from one side of an area to the other:
a deep crack across the ceiling
the only bridge across the river
Do you think this shirt is too tight across the shoulders?
Someone’s parked right across the entrance to the driveway.
4. on the opposite side of something:
My best friend lives across the road.
He knew that just across the border lay freedom.
across (something) from somebody/something
Across the street from where we’re standing, you can see the old churchyard.
the woman sitting across from me (=opposite me) on the train
5. in every part of a country, organization etc:
a TV series that became popular across five continents
Teachers are expected to teach a range of subjects right across the curriculum.
6. used to show how wide something is
ten feet/five metres etc across
The river is 2 kilometres across.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition

across / əˈkrɒs /   / -ˈkrɑːs / adverb , preposition

A2 from one side to the other of something with clear limits, such as an area of land, a road, or a river:

She walked across the field/road.

They're building a new bridge across the river.

When I reached the river, I simply swam across.

 

across / əˈkrɒs /   / -ˈkrɑːs / preposition

A2 on the opposite side of:

The library is just across the road.

in every part of a particular place or country:

Voting took place peacefully across most of the country.

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

across

across adverb, preposition   [əˈkrɒs] [əˈkrɔːs] [əˈkrɑːs] 

adverb  For the special uses of across in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example come across is in the phrasal verb section at come. 

1. from one side to the other side

• It's too wide. We can't swim across. 

• The yard measures about 50 feet across. 

2. in a particular direction towards or at sb/sth

• When my name was called, he looked across at me. 

3. across from opposite

• There's a school just across from our house. 

4. (of an answer in a crossword) written from side to side

• I can't do 3 across. 
 

Word Origin:

Middle English (as an adverb meaning ‘in the form of a cross’): from Old French a croix, en croix ‘in or on a cross’, later regarded as being from a- ‘to, towards’ + cross. 
 

preposition

1. from one side to the other side of sth

• He walked across the field. 

• I drew a line across the page. 

• A grin spread across her face. 

• Where's the nearest bridge across the river? 

2. on the other side of sth

• There's a bank right across the street. 

3. on or over a part of the body

• He hit him across the face. 

• It's too tight across the back. 

4. in every part of a place, group of people, etc.

Syn:  throughout

• Her family is scattered across the country. 

• This view is common across all sections of the community. 
 

Word Origin:

[across] Middle English (as an adverb meaning ‘in the form of a cross’): from Old French a croix, en croix ‘in or on a cross’, later regarded as being from a- ‘to, towards’ + cross.

Wiktionary

across

1. preposition
a) To, toward or from the far side of (something that lies between two points of interest).
We rowed across the river.
b) On the opposite side of (something that lies between two points of interest).
Fortunately, there was a bridge across the river.
See Also: cross
2. adverb
a) From one side to the other .
She helped the blind man across.
b) On the other side.
The river is half a mile across.
3. noun
A clue whose solution runs horizontal ly in the grid .
I solved all of the acrosses, but then got stuck on 3 down.