book

کلمه
book
book - کتاب
معادل فارسی: 

کتاب

مثال: 

We're ​reading a different book this ​week.

این هفته یک کتاب متفاوت میخوانیم.

His latest book will appear in December.

کتاب آخر او در ماه دسامبر رونمایی خواهد شد.

سطح، موضوع و برچسب

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

book

I. book1 S1 W1 /bʊk/ noun
[Language: Old English; Origin: boc]
1. PRINTED PAGES [countable] a set of printed pages that are held together in a cover so that you can read them:
I’ve just started reading a book by Graham Greene.
a cookery book
book about/on
a book about cats
2. TO WRITE IN [countable] a set of sheets of paper held together in a cover so that you can write on them:
a black address book
a notebook
3. SET OF THINGS [countable] a set of things such as stamps, matches, or tickets, held together inside a paper cover:
a cheque book
4. books [plural]
a) ACCOUNTS written records of the financial accounts of a business:
An accountant will examine the company’s books.
a small firm that is having problems balancing the books (=keeping its profits and spending equal)
on the books
They have £50 billion worth of orders on the books.cook the books at cook1(3)
b) JOBS the names of people who use a company’s services, or who are sent by a company to work for other people
on sb’s books
an agent with a lot of popular actors on his books
5. by the book exactly according to rules or instructions:
She feels she has to go by the book and can’t use her creativity.
do/play something by the book
The police were careful to do everything by the book.
6. a closed book a subject that you do not understand or know anything about:
Chemistry is a closed book to me.
7. be in sb’s good/bad books informal used to say that someone is pleased or annoyed with you
8. LAW be on the books if a law is on the books, it is part of the set of laws in a country, town, area etc
9. PART OF A BOOK [countable] one of the parts that a very large book such as the Bible is divided into
book of
the Book of Isaiah
10. in my book spoken said when giving your opinion:
In my book, nothing is more important than football.
11. bring somebody to book to punish someone for breaking laws or rules, especially when you have been trying to punish them for a long time:
War criminals must be brought to book.
⇒ statute book, ⇒ take a leaf out of sb’s book at leaf1(2), ⇒ read somebody like a book at read1(16), ⇒ suit sb’s book at suit2(5), ⇒ a turn-up for the book at turn-up(2), ⇒ throw the book at somebody at throw1(26)
• • •

COLLOCATIONSverbs

read a book What book are you reading at the moment?
look through a book (=look at the pages quickly) I looked through the book until I found the right section.
write a book He’s written several interesting travel books.
publish a book The book is published by Penguin.
a book comes out (=it is published for the first time) Everyone was waiting for the new Harry Potter book to come out.
borrow a book (also take out a book British English) (=from a library) You can borrow up to six books from the library.
return a book (=to a library) Please return all your books before the end of term.
renew a book (=arrange to continue borrowing it from a library) If you need to renew a book, you can do it by phone.

book + NOUN

a book shop (also book store American English) I got it from that little book shop in the village.
a book seller (=a person, shop, or company selling books) High street book sellers are experiencing a drop in sales.
a book token British English (=a ticket that you can use to pay for a book) She always bought me book tokens for my birthday.
a book review (=an article giving critical opinions of a book) She had a book review published in the student magazine.
a book fair (=an event at which publishers and authors show new books)
the introduction/preface/foreword to a book In the introduction to this book I referred to a conversation between myself and a young student.
a section of a book The most useful section of the book is the list of suppliers of artists’ materials.

phrases

the cover of a book His picture is on the cover of the book.
a chapter of a book The first chapter of the book is about his childhood.
• • •

THESAURUStypes of book

novel noun [countable] a book about imaginary people and events: The film is based on Nick Hornby’s best-selling novel. | a historical novel
fiction noun [uncountable] books that describe imaginary people and events: She reads a lot of romantic fiction.
literature noun [uncountable] novels and plays that are considered to be important works of art: I’m studying American literature at university.
non-fiction noun [uncountable] books that describe real people and events: Men tend to prefer non-fiction.
science fiction noun [uncountable] books about imaginary events in the future or space travel
reference book noun [countable] a book such as a dictionary or encyclopedia, which you look at to find information
textbook noun [countable] a book about a particular subject that you use in a classroom
set book British English, course book British English noun [countable] a book that you have to study as part of your course
guidebook noun [countable] a book telling visitors about a city or country
picture book noun [countable] a book for children with many pictures in it
hardcover/hardback noun [countable] a book that has a hard stiff cover
paperback noun [countable] a book that has a paper cover
biography noun [countable] a book about a real person’s life, written by another person
autobiography noun [countable] a book that someone has written about their own life
recipe book/cookery book British English (also cookbook American English) noun [countable] a book that tells you how to cook different meals
II. book2 S2 verb
1. [intransitive and transitive] to make arrangements to stay in a place, eat in a restaurant, go to a theatre etc at a particular time in the future ⇒ reserve:
Have you booked a holiday this year?
The flight was already fully booked (=no more seats were available).
To get tickets, you have to book in advance.
The show’s booked solid (=all the tickets have been sold) until February.
2. [transitive] to arrange for someone such as a singer to perform on a particular date:
The band was booked for a benefit show in Los Angeles.
3. be booked up
a) if a hotel, restaurant etc is booked up, there are no more rooms, places, seats etc still available:
The courses quickly get booked up.
b) if someone is booked up, they are extremely busy and have arranged a lot of things they must do:
I’m all booked up this week – can we get together next Friday?
4. [transitive] to arrange for someone to go to a hotel, fly on a plane etc:
I’ve booked you a flight on Saturday.
book somebody on/in etc
I’ll book you in at the Hilton.
5. [transitive] to put someone’s name officially in police records, along with the charge made against them:
Smith was booked on suspicion of attempted murder.
6. [transitive] British English when a referee in a sports game books a player who has broken the rules, he or she officially writes down the player’s name in a book as a punishment
• • •

COLLOCATIONSbook + NOUN

book a holiday People often book their holidays in January.
book a trip I booked the whole trip on the Internet.
book a flight He picked up the phone and booked a flight to Barcelona.
book a ticket It’s cheaper if you book your train ticket in advance.
book a table (=in a restaurant) I’ll book a table for 7.30 tomorrow evening.
book a room/hotel Ross found a good hotel and booked a room.
book a seat She booked me a seat on the 9 am flight.
book a place on something Students are advised to book a place on the course early.

adverbs

book early We recommend you book early to avoid disappointment.
book (well) in advance There are only 20 places, so it is essential to book well in advance.
book online (=on the Internet) It’s much easier to book tickets online.
be fully booked (=all the seats, tickets etc are sold) I’m afraid that show is fully booked.
be booked solid (=all the seats, tickets etc are sold for a long period) The restaurant’s booked solid for the whole of the Christmas period.
• • •

THESAURUSto arrange to do something

arrange to organize or make plans for something such as a meeting, party, or trip: He had arranged to meet Marcia outside the restaurant. | The company arranges skiing trips.
fix/fix up especially British English spoken to arrange something, especially for someone else: John had fixed up for me to give a talk. | I’ve fixed an appointment for you at the doctor’s.
organize (also -ise British English) to make the arrangements for an event, especially a big public event: They had organized a protest against the war.
set a time/date (also fix a time/date British English) to arrange for something to happen at a particular time or on a particular day: Have you set a date for the wedding yet? | We fixed a time for me to visit.
reserve/book to arrange to stay in a place, go to a theatre, travel on a plane etc: I’ve booked the flight to Zurich. | He had reserved a table at the restaurant.
take care of/make the arrangements to arrange all the details of an event: Uncle James is making all the funeral arrangements.
book in (also book into something) phrasal verb
British English to arrive at a hotel and say who you are etc SYN check in:
Several tourists were booking in.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

book

book (MAKE A RECORD) /bʊk/
verb [T]
If a police officer, referee, etc. books someone, they write down their name in an official record because they have done something wrong:
A player in a football match who is booked twice in a game is sent off the field.
My grandmother was booked for speeding last week.

bookable /ˈbʊk.ə.bļ/
adjective
a bookable offence

 

x

book (ARRANGE) /bʊk/
verb [I or T]
to arrange to have a seat, room, entertainer, etc. at a particular time in the future:
[+ two objects] I've booked us two tickets to see 'Carmen'/I've booked two tickets for us to see 'Carmen'.
She'd booked a table for four at their favourite restaurant.
Will booked a seat on the evening flight to Edinburgh.
We were advised to book early if we wanted to get a room.
They booked a jazz band for their wedding.
The hotel/restaurant/theatre is fully booked (up) (= all the rooms/tables/tickets have been taken).
I'd like to go but I'm afraid I'm booked up (= I have arranged to do other things) until the weekend.

bookable /ˈbʊk.ə.bļ/
adjective
bookable seats

booking /ˈbʊk.ɪŋ/
noun [C]
We made the booking three months ago.
Julian was ill so we had to cancel the booking.
The show had already taken £4 million in advance bookings.
I filled in the booking form and sent it off.

 

x

book (TEXT) /bʊk/
noun
1 [C] a set of pages that have been fastened together inside a cover to be read or written in:
I took a book with me to read on the train.
She wrote a book on car maintenance.

2 [C] one of the parts into which a very long book, such as the Bible, is divided:
the book of Job

3 [C] a number of one type of item fastened together flat inside a cover:
a book of stamps/tickets/matches

4 [S] when a bookmaker accepts and pays out sums of money which are risked on a particular result:
They've already opened/started a book on the result of the next World Cup.

books /bʊks/
plural noun
the written records of money that a business has spent or received:
At the end of the year, the accountant goes over (= checks) the books.
Running a school is much more of a business than it used to be, - by law we have to balance our books.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

book

book [book books booked booking] noun, verb   [bʊk] [bʊk] noun   
 

PRINTED WORK

1. countable a set of printed pages that are fastened inside a cover so that you can turn them and read them

• a pile of books 

• hardback/paperback books 

2. countable a written work published in printed or electronic form

• a book by Stephen King 

• a book about/on wildlife 

• reference/children's/library books   
 

FOR WRITING IN

3. countable a set of sheets of paper that are fastened together inside a cover and used for writing in

• an exercise book 

• a notebook 

see also  address book   
 

OF STAMPS/TICKETS/MATCHES, ETC.

4. countable a set of things that are fastened together like a book

• a book of stamps/tickets/matches 

• a chequebook   
 

ACCOUNTS

5. the books plural the written records of the financial affairs of a business

Syn:  accounts

• to do the books (= to check the accounts) 

• You need to go over the books again; there's a mistake somewhere.   
 

SECTION OF BIBLE, ETC.

6. countable a section of a large written work

• the books of the Bible   
 

FOR BETTING

7. countable (BrE) a record of bets made on whether sth will happen, sb will win a race, etc

• They've opened a book on who'll win the Championship. 

more at close the book on sth at  close1 v., a closed book at  closed, cook the books at  cook  v., the history books at  history, don't judge a book by its cover at  judge  v., take a leaf out of sb's book at  leaf  n., an open book at  open  adj., read sb like a book at  read  v., suit your/sb's book at  suit  v., every trick in the book at  trick  n. 
 

Word Origin:

Old English bōc (originally also ‘a document or charter’), bōcian ‘to grant by charter’, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch boek and German Buch, and probably to beech  (on which runes were carved). 
 

Thesaurus:

book noun C

• I'm reading a book by Robert Shea. 

work • • title • • publication • • novel • • textbook • |AmE text • |formal volume • 

a book/work/publication/novel/textbook/text/volume about sb/sth

read/write a book/work/publication/novel/textbook/text/volume

publish a book/work/title/novel/textbook/volume 
 

Collocations:

Literature

Being a writer

write/publish literature/poetry/fiction/a book/a story/a poem/a novel/a review/an autobiography

become a writer/novelist/playwright

find/have a publisher/an agent

have a new book out

edit/revise/proofread a book/text/manuscript

dedicate a book/poem to…

Plot, character and atmosphere

construct/create/weave/weave sth into a complex narrative

advance/drive the plot

introduce/present the protagonist/a character

describe/depict/portray a character (as…)/(sb as) a hero/villain

create an exciting/a tense atmosphere

build/heighten the suspense/tension

evoke/capture the pathos of the situation

convey emotion/an idea/an impression/a sense of…

engage the reader

seize/capture/grip the (reader's) imagination

arouse/elicit emotion/sympathy (in the reader)

lack imagination/emotion/structure/rhythm

Language, style and imagery

use/employ language/imagery/humour/(especially US) humor/an image/a symbol/a metaphor/a device

use/adopt/develop a style/technique

be rich in/be full of symbolism

evoke images of…/a sense of…/a feeling of…

create/achieve an effect

maintain/lighten the tone

introduce/develop an idea/a theme

inspire a novel/a poet/sb's work/sb's imagination

Reading and criticism

read an author/sb's work/fiction/poetry/a text/a poem/a novel/a chapter/a passage

review a book/a novel/sb's work

give sth/get/have/receive a good/bad review

be hailed (as)/be recognized as a masterpiece

quote a phrase/line/stanza/passage/author

provoke/spark discussion/criticism

study/interpret/understand a text/passage

translate sb's work/a text/a passage/a novel/a poem 
 

Example Bank:

• Do you want to renew any of your library books? 

• Her name was inscribed in the book. 

• His latest book will appear in December. 

• How many books can I borrow? 

• How many books have you got out? 

• How many copies of the book did you order? 

• I couldn't put the book down. 

• She does the books for us. 

• She looked up from her book and smiled at him. 

• She's busy writing a book on astrology. 

• Someone was cooking the books. 

• The book is dedicated to his mother. 

• The collector had many books inscribed to him by famous authors. 

• There's nothing like curling up with a mug of tea and a good book. 

• These issues are discussed in his latest book. 

• We have fifty people on the books. 

• a book by Robert Grout 

• a book for new parents 

• a book of walks in London 

• a controversial book about the royal family 

• a new book from the publishing company, Bookworm 

• a survey to find the nation's favourite children's book 

• one of the earliest printed books 

• His desk was covered with piles of books. 

• I'm reading a book by Robert Shea. 

• The book has received some terrible reviews. 

• a library/hardback book 

Idioms: bring somebody to book ▪ by the book ▪ in my book ▪ in somebody's bad books ▪ on somebody's books ▪ throw the book at somebody

Derived: book in something ▪ book somebody in something 
 

verb

1. intransitive, transitive to arrange to have or use sth on a particular date in the future; to buy a ticket in advance

• Book early to avoid disappointment. 

• ~ sth She booked a flight to Chicago. 

• The performance is booked up (= there are no more tickets available). 

• I'm sorry— we're fully booked. 

• (BrE) I'd like to book a table for two for 8 o'clock tonight.  In American English book is not used if you do not have to pay in advance; instead use make a reservation: NAmE

• I'd like to make a reservation for 8 o'clock tonight. 

compare  reserve

2. transitive to arrange for sb to have a seat on a plane, etc

• ~ sb + adv./prep. I've booked you on the 10 o'clock flight. 

• ~ sb sth (+ adv./prep.) I've booked you a room at the Park Hotel. 

3. transitive ~ sb/sth (for sth) to arrange for a singer, etc. to perform on a particular date

• We've booked a band for the wedding reception. 

4. transitive ~ sb (for sth) (informal) to write down sb's name and address because they have committed a crime or an offence

• He was booked for possession of cocaine. 

5. transitive ~ sb (BrE, informal) (of a referee) to write down in an official book the name of a player who has broken the rules of the game 

Verb forms: 

 

 

Word Origin:

Old English bōc (originally also ‘a document or charter’), bōcian ‘to grant by charter’, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch boek and German Buch, and probably to beech  (on which runes were carved). 
 

Thesaurus:

book verb T, I (especially BrE)

• I've booked seats on the 9.30 flight. 

reserve • • order • • charter • |especially AmE rent • |BrE hire • 

book/reserve a place/seat/table/ticket 

book/reserve/rent/hire a room/hall 

book/reserve/order sth for eight o' clock/midday/this evening, etc. 

Book or reserve? If you book sth you usually pay at the same time; if you reserve sth you usually pay later, unless it is for a seat on a train. 
 

Example Bank:

• Book with Suntours and kids go free! 

• I've booked a table for two at a nice Italian restaurant. 

• Seats go quickly, so it is essential to book in advance. 

• There are few places on the course, so it is essential to book in advance. 

• Have you booked the band for the party yet? 

• He's booked to appear on 3 November at Central Hall. 

• I've booked you on the 9.30 flight. 

• Several well-known authors have been booked to speak at the event. 

• The hotel is fully booked that weekend. 

• The seminars get quickly booked up. 

Wiktionary

book

   1. noun
a) A collection of sheets of paper bound together to hinge at one edge, containing printed or written material, pictures, etc. If initially blank, commonly referred to as a notebook .
She opened the book to page 37 and began to read aloud.
b) A long work fit for publication , typically prose , such as a novel or textbook , and typically published as such a bound collection of sheets.
I have three copies of his first book.
Syn: tome , booklet , volume , libretto , account , record
2. verb
a) To reserve (something) for future use.
I want to book a hotel room for tomorrow night
b) To penalise (someone) for an offence.
I can book tickets for the concert next week

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