light

اشتراک گذاری در شبکه های اجتماعی

کلمه
light
معنی: 

نور ، چراغ ، سبک ، اشعه ای از طرف خورشید ، لامپ یا هرچیز دیگری که امکان دیدن اشیا را فراهم می کند.

 

معادل فارسی: 

نور ، روشنی 

روشنایی

چراغ یا لامپ

جلوه ، نمود

بینش ، ادراک

شمع محفل

سوی چشم

چراغ راهنمایی

فندک ، کبریت

نورانی ، روشن

کمرنگ ، روشن

افروختن ، آتش زدن

مثال: 

Them she lit up a candle and showed me the way.

شمعی روشن کرد و راه را به من نشان داد.

Up ahead in the distance , I saw shimmering light.

در دوردست ها نوری سو سو می زد.

My brother has a room with good natural light .

برادرم اتاقی با نور مناسب و طبیعی دارد. 

It was an hour before the lights came on again.

یک ساعتی طول کشید تا برق بیاید.

Do you have a light?

سیگار داری ؟

She could just see by the light of the candle.

او فقط با نورشمع قادر به دیدن بود.

It gets light at about 5 o'clock.

حدود ساعت 5 صبح هوا روشن می شود.

She has got light blue eyes .

او چشمانی با رنگ آبی روشن داشت.

The little girl was as light as a feather.  

آن دختر کوچک مثل پر سبک بود. 

سطح، موضوع و برچسب

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

light

I. light1 S1 W1 /laɪt/ noun
[Word Family: noun: light, lighter, lighting, lightness; adjective: light, lighted, unlit; verb: light, lighten; adverb: lightly, light]
[Language: Old English; Origin: leoht]
1. NATURAL/ARTIFICIAL LIGHT
a) [uncountable] the energy from the Sun, a flame, a lamp etc that allows you to see things:
We saw a flash of light.
in/by the light of something
Everything looked grey in the dim light of the oil lamp.
I read by the light of the fire.
in/into the light
The man moved forward into the light.
b) [countable] a particular type of light, with its own particular colour, level of brightness etc:
The colours look different in different lights.
2. LAMP/ELECTRIC LIGHT ETC [countable]
a) something that produces light, especially electric light, to help you to see:
Ahead of us we could see the lights of the city.
We’re having a mixture of wall lights and ceiling lights in different parts of the house.
turn/switch/put on a light
I switched on the light in the bedroom.
turn/switch/put off a light
Don’t forget to switch the lights off when you go out.
turn/switch/put out a light
Can you turn the light out downstairs?
a light is/comes/goes on
The lights in the office were still on.
The street lights were just beginning to come on.
He left a light on in the kitchen.
a light is off/out
Make sure all the lights are off when you leave.
Suddenly all the lights in the house went out.
Can you turn the light down (=make it less bright) a bit? ⇒ the bright lights at bright(13)
b) something such as a lamp that you can carry to give you light:
Shine a light over here, will you?
3. TRAFFIC CONTROL [countable usually plural] one of a set of red, green, and yellow lights used for controlling traffic SYN traffic lights:
We waited for the lights to change.
Eventually the lights turned green.
The driver had failed to stop at a red light. ⇒ green light, red-light district
4. ON A VEHICLE [countable usually plural] one of the lights on a car, bicycle etc that help you to see at night:
He was dazzled by the lights of oncoming traffic.
You’ve left your lights on. ⇒ brake light, headlight, parking light
5. first light literary the time when light first appears in the morning sky:
We set out at first light the next day.
6. be/stand in sb’s light to prevent someone from getting all the light they need to see or do something:
Could you move to the left a little – you’re standing in my light.
7. FOR A CIGARETTE a light a match or something else to light a cigarette:
Have you got a light, please?
8. IN SB’S EYES [singular] literary an expression in someone’s eyes that shows an emotion or intention SYN gleam:
There was a murderous light in his eyes.
9. set light to something to make something start burning:
The candle fell over and set light to the barn.
10. come to light/be brought to light if new information comes to light, it becomes known:
This evidence did not come to light until after the trial.
The mistake was only brought to light some years later.
11. throw/shed/cast light on something to provide new information that makes a difficult subject or problem easier to understand:
Melanie was able to shed some light on the situation.
These discoveries may throw new light on the origins of the universe.
12. in the light of something British English, in light of something American English if you do or decide something in the light of something else, you do it after considering that thing:
In light of this tragic event, we have canceled the 4th of July celebrations.
13. in a new/different/bad etc light if someone or something is seen or shown in a particular light, people can see that particular part of their character:
I suddenly saw my father in a new light.
This incident will put the company in a very bad light.
14. see the light
a) to suddenly understand something:
At last doctors have seen the light!
b) to begin to believe in a religion very strongly
15. see the light (of day)
a) if an object sees the light of day, it is taken from the place where it has been hidden, and becomes publicly known:
Some of these documents will probably never see the light of day.
b) if a law, decision etc sees the light of day, it comes into existence for the first time
16. light at the end of the tunnel something that gives you hope for the future after a long and difficult period:
It’s been a hard few months, but we’re finally beginning to see the light at the end of the tunnel.
17. have your name in lights informal to be successful and famous in theatre or films
18. go/be out like a light informal to go to sleep very quickly because you are very tired:
I went straight to bed and went out like a light.
19. a leading light in/of something informal someone who is important in a particular organization:
She’s one of the leading lights of the local dramatic society.
20. the light of sb’s life the person that someone loves more than anyone else:
Her son was the light of her life.
21. WINDOW [countable] a window in a roof or wall that allows light into a room
hide your light under a bushel at bushel, ⇒ be all sweetness and light at sweetness(3), ⇒ in the cold light of day at cold1(9)
• • •

COLLOCATIONS

 

ADJECTIVES/NOUN + light

bright/strong The light was so bright he had to shut his eyes.
blinding/dazzling (=extremely bright) The white buildings reflected a blinding light.
dim (=not bright) Gradually her eyes became accustomed to the dim light.
good (=bright enough) Stand over here where the light is good.
poor/bad (=not bright enough) The light was too poor for me to read.
soft/warm (=light that seems slightly yellow or orange) the soft light of the candles
cold/harsh (=light that seems slightly blue) the cold light of the moon
the morning/dawn light The flowers glowed brightly in the morning light.
natural light (=light produced by the sun) The only natural light came from two high windows.
artificial light (=light produced by lamps) The office was windowless, lit only by artificial light.

verbs

light shines The light from the streetlamp shone through the curtains.
light comes from somewhere The only light came from the fire.
light streams/floods in (=a large amount of light comes in) Light streamed in through the window.
light falls on/across etc something The light fell on her book.
light illuminates something formal (=makes it bright or able to be seen) The light from the screen illuminated the people gathered round it.
the light is fading (=it is getting darker as the sun is going down)
produce light (also emit light technical) the light produced by the sun
cast light (=send light onto something) the gold circle of light cast by the lamp
reflect light Snow reflects a lot of light.
something is bathed in light literary (=something has a lot of light shining on it) The fields and woods were bathed in golden light.

phrases

a beam/ray/shaft of light (=a thin line of light) There was a shaft of light from the doorway.
a flash of light (=a bright light that appears suddenly for a very short time) A flash of light caught his attention.
a pool/circle of light (=an area of light) They stood in the pool of light cast by the streetlamp.
• • •

THESAURUS (for Meaning 2)

light something that produces light, especially electric light, to help you to see: She switched the kitchen light on. | The lights in the house were all off.
lamp an object that produces light by using electricity, oil, or gas - often used in names of lights: a bedside lamp | a street lamp | a desk lamp | a table lamp | an old oil lamp | a paraffin lamp
lantern a lamp that you can carry, consisting of a metal container with glass sides that surrounds a flame or light: The miners used lanterns which were lit by candles.
torch British English, flashlight American English a small electric lamp that you carry in your hand: We shone our torches around the cavern.
candle a stick of wax with a string through the middle, which you burn to give light: The restaurant was lit by candles.
bulb the glass part of an electric light, that the light shines from: a 100 watt bulb | an energy-saving light bulb

on a car

headlight (also headlamp) one of the two large lights at the front of a vehicle: It was getting dark so she switched the headlights on.
sidelight British English, parking light American English one of the two small lights next to the main lights, at the front and back of a car
tail light one of the two red lights at the back of a vehicle
indicator British English, turn signal American English one of the lights on a car that flash to show which way the car is turning
II. light2 S1 W1 adjective (comparative lighter, superlative lightest)
[Word Family: noun: light, lighter, lighting, lightness; adjective: light, lighted, unlit; verb: light, lighten; adverb: lightly, light]
[Language: Old English; Origin: leoht]
1. COLOUR a light colour is pale and not dark:
You look nice in light colours.
light blue/green/grey etc
She had blue eyes and light brown hair.
I wanted a lighter yellow paint for the walls.
2. DAYLIGHT it is/gets light if it is light, there is the natural light of day OPP dark:
We’ll keep on looking while it’s still light.
It was seven o'clock and just starting to get light.
3. ROOMS a room that is light has plenty of light in it, especially from the sun OPP dark:
The kitchen was light and spacious.
The office was a big light room at the back of the house.
4.
NOT HEAVY not very heavy:
You can carry this bag – it’s fairly light.
You should wear light, comfortable shoes.
The truck was quite light and easy to drive.
She was as light as a feather (=very light) to carry. ⇒ lighten, lightweight2
5. NOT GREAT if something is light, there is not very much of it or it is not very great OPP heavy:
Traffic is lighter before 8 a.m.
A light rain began to fall.
She was wearing only light make-up.
people who have suffered only light exposure to radiation
6. CLOTHES light clothes are thin and not very warm:
She took a light sweater in case the evening was cool.
a light summer coat
7. WIND a light wind is blowing without much force OPP strong:
Leaves were blowing about in the light wind.
There was a light easterly breeze.
8. SOUND a light sound is very quiet OPP loud:
There was a light tap at the door.
Her voice was light and pleasant.
9. TOUCH a light touch is gentle and soft:
She gave him a light kiss on the cheek.
He felt a light tap on his shoulder.
10. WORK/EXERCISE light work is not hard or tiring:
I found him some light work to do.
She only has a few light duties around the house.
The doctor has advised me to take regular light exercise.
11. FOOD
a) food or drink that is light either does not have a strong taste or does not make you feel full very quickly, for example because it does not contain very much fat, sugar, or alcohol OPP rich:
We had a light white wine with the fish.
a light, refreshing dessert
a new light cheese spread with virtually no fat
b) a light meal is a small meal OPP big:
I had a light lunch in town.
a delicious light snack
c) food that is light contains a lot of air:
a type of light, sweet bread
Beat the mixture until it is light and fluffy.
12. PUNISHMENT a light punishment is not very severe OPP harsh:
a fairly light sentence
13. a light smoker/drinker/eater etc someone who does not smoke etc very much
14. light sleep/doze a sleep from which you wake up easily:
I fell into a light sleep.
15. a light sleeper someone who wakes up easily if there is any noise etc:
She’s quite a light sleeper.
16. NOT SERIOUS not serious in meaning, style, or manner, and only intended to entertain people:
His speech gradually became lighter in tone.
an evening of light music
It’s a really good book if you want a bit of light reading.
The show looks at some of the lighter moments from the world of politics.
17. light relief something that is pleasant and amusing after something sad or serious:
I’m glad you’ve arrived – we could all do with a little light relief!
18. make light of something to joke about something or treat it as not being very serious, especially when it is important:
She tried to make light of the situation, but I could tell that she was worried.
19. on a lighter note/in a lighter vein used when you are going to say something less sad or serious:
On a lighter note, the concert raised over £300 for school funds.
20. make light work of something to do something or deal with something quickly and easily:
A freezer and microwave oven can make light work of cooking.
21. be light on your feet to be able to move quickly and gracefully:
She’s very agile and light on her feet.
22. a light heart literary someone who has a light heart feels happy and not worried:
I set off for work with a light heart. ⇒ light-hearted
23. SOIL light soil is easy to break into small pieces OPP heavy:
Carrots grow well in light soils.
—lightness noun [uncountable]:
a lightness of touch
III. light3 S2 W3 verb (past tense and past participle lit or lighted)
[Word Family: noun: light, lighter, lighting, lightness; adjective: light, lighted, unlit; verb: light, lighten; adverb: lightly, light]
[Language: Old English; Origin: lihtan]
1. [intransitive and transitive] to start to burn, or to make something start to burn:
He stopped to light a cigarette.
I lit the fire and poured a drink.
I couldn’t get the candles to light.
2. [transitive usually passive] to provide light for a place:
The room was lit by one large, central light.
The porch is always well lit at night.
The kitchen was warm and brightly lit.
a poorly lit car park
3. light the/sb’s way to provide light for someone while they are going somewhere:
We had only a few torches between us to light the way.
light on/upon something phrasal verb literary
1. to notice or find something by chance:
His eye lit on a ruby ring.
I thought I might have lit upon an ancient manuscript.
2. if a bird or insect lights on something, it stops flying and stands on it
light out phrasal verb American English informal
to run away, especially because you are afraid
light up phrasal verb
1. light something ↔ up to give light to a place or to shine light on something:
The flames lit up the sky.
The fountain is lit up at night.
2. to become bright with light or colour:
At night the harbour lights up.
As the screen lit up, he typed in his password.
3.
a) if someone’s face or eyes light up, they show pleasure, excitement etc
light up with
His eyes lit up with laughter.
Her face lit up with pleasure.
b) light something ↔ up to make someone’s face or eyes show pleasure or excitement:
Suddenly a smile lit up her face.
A mischievous gleam lit up her eyes.
4. informal to light a cigarette:
I watched Paul light up again.
IV. light4 adverb
[Word Family: noun: light, lighter, lighting, lightness; adjective: light, lighted, unlit; verb: light, lighten; adverb: lightly, light]
travel light at travel1(1)

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

light
light (NOT SEVERE) /laɪt/
adjective 
1 needing only a very small amount of effort:
light exercise, such as walking
a bit of light housework

2 A light sentence in prison is a short one:
He got off with a fairly light sentence because it was his first conviction.

lightly /ˈlaɪt.li/
adverb
get off lightly; let sb off lightly to be punished or punish someone less severely than might have been expected:
I think he got off quite lightly considering it's his third driving offence.

 

light (PALE) /laɪt/
adjective
(of colours) pale:
light blue/green
NOTE: The opposite is dark.

lighten /ˈlaɪ.tən/ US /-ţən/
verb [T] 
to make something lighter:
The sun always lightens my hair.

 

light (NOT STRONG) /laɪt/
adjective 
1 not great in strength or amount:
A light wind was blowing.
The traffic was quite light so we got through London quickly.
It's only light rain - you don't need an umbrella.

2 describes alcoholic drinks that are not strong in flavour:
It's described on the label as 'light, fruity wine'.

3 light eater/drinker/smoker someone who eats/drinks/smokes only a little

4 light sleeper someone who is easily woken up by noise, etc.

lightly /ˈlaɪt.li/
adverb 
1 gently or using very little of something:
She patted him lightly on the shoulder.
Dust the cake lightly with icing sugar.

2 If food is lightly cooked, it is cooked for only a short time:
lightly cooked vegetables

light (NOT SERIOUS) /laɪt/
adjective 
entertaining and easily understood, but not serious and not intended to make you think:
I want some light reading for the summer holidays - a romance or something.

lighten /ˈlaɪ.tən/ US /-ţən/
verb [I or T] 
to (cause to) become happier and less anxious:
His mood lightened after the phone call.
He tried to lighten the atmosphere by telling a joke.

lightly /ˈlaɪt.li/
adverb 
1 If you say something lightly, you are not serious when you say it:
"Anyway, it won't affect me because I'm leaving, " she said lightly.

2 not do sth lightly If something is not said or treated lightly, it is said or treated in a serious way, after great consideration:
Accusations like these from a top minister are not made lightly.

 

light (NOT HEAVY) /laɪt/
adjective 
1 not heavy:
Here, take this bag - it's quite light.
He's a few pounds lighter than he used to be.
How do you get your cakes so wonderfully light, Felicity?
He has a very light (= gentle) touch, which is what is required in massage.
She's very light on her feet (= she moves gracefully).

2 describes clothes that are made of thin material which allows you to be cool:
a light summer dress

3 A light meal is small and easy to digest:
I don't eat much for lunch - just a light snack.

lighten /ˈlaɪ.tən/ US /-ţən/
verb 
lighten sb's burden/load, etc. to make a difficult situation or responsibility easier:
Getting a new assistant will lighten (= reduce) the workload considerably.

lightness /ˈlaɪt.nəs/
noun [U]
the state of being light

 

light (FLAME) /laɪt/
noun 
a light something which will produce a flame and cause burning, such as a match or a cigarette lighter:
Have you got a light, please?

light /laɪt/
verb [I or T] lit or lighted, lit or lighted 
to start to burn or to make something start to burn:
to light a fire
I can't get the cooker to light.
He lit his fifth cigarette in half an hour.

lighted /ˈlaɪ.tɪd/ US /-ţɪd/
adjective [before noun]
burning or starting to burn:
a lighted candle/match
a lighted fuse

 

light (BRIGHTNESS) /laɪt/
noun 
1 [U] the brightness that comes from the sun, fire, etc. and from electrical devices, and that allows things to be seen:
a bright light
fluorescent/ultraviolet light
a beam/ray of light
Light was streaming in through the open door.
It's a north-facing room so it doesn't get much light (= brightness from the sun).

2 [C] a device which produces light, such as a lamp or a light bulb:
Could you switch/turn the light on/off, please?
She could see the city lights in the distance.
As the lights went down, the audience grew quiet.
My front bike light isn't working.

light /laɪt/
verb [T] lit or lighted, lit or lighted 
to produce light which makes an object or area bright or easy to see:
The stage had been lit with candles.
Fireworks lit up the sky (= made the sky bright).

light /laɪt/
adjective 
lit by the natural light of the day:
The big windows make the room feel wonderfully light and airy.
It gets light very early these summer mornings.
Summer is coming and the evenings are getting lighter (= getting dark later).

lighten /ˈlaɪ.tən/ US /-ţən/
verb [I] 
to become less dark:
The sky had lightened and there were breaks in the clouds.
NOTE: The opposite is darken.

lighting /ˈlaɪ.tɪŋ/ US /-ţɪŋ/
noun [U] 
the arrangement of lights used in a room, house, theatre, etc.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

light

light [light lights lit lighted lighting] noun, adjective, verb, adverb   [laɪt] [laɪt] 

noun 

  
 

FROM SUN/LAMPS

1. uncountable the energy from the sun, a lamp, etc. that makes it possible to see things

• bright/dim light 

• a room with good natural light 

• in the fading light of a summer's evening 

• The light was beginning to fail (= it was beginning to get dark). 

• She could just see by the light of the candle. 

• Bring it into the light so I can see it. 

• a beam/ray of light 

• The knife gleamed as it caught the light (= as the light shone on it). 

see also  first light

2. countable a particular type of light with its own colour and qualities

• A cold grey light crept under the curtains. 

see also  Northern Lights   
 

LAMP

3. countable a thing that produces light, especially an electric light

• to turn/switch the lights on/off 

• to turn out the light(s) 

• Suddenly all the lights went out. 

• It was an hour before the lights came on again. 

• to turn down/dim the lights 

• A light was still burning in the bedroom. 

• ceiling/wall lights 

• Keep going— the lights (= traffic lights) are green. 

• Check your car before you drive to make sure that your lights are working. 

see also  brake light, green light, headlight, leading light, red light   
 

FOR CIGARETTE

4. singular a match or device with which you can light a cigarette: (BrE) Have you got a light? 

• (NAmE, BrE) Do you have a light?   
 

EXPRESSION IN EYES

5. singular an expression in sb's eyes which shows what they are thinking or feeling

• There was a soft light in her eyes as she looked at him.   
 

IN PICTURE

6. uncountable light colours in a picture, which contrast with darker ones

• the artist's use of light and shade   
 

WINDOW

7. countable (architecture) a window or an opening to allow light in

• leaded lights 

see also  skylight  

more at the bright lights at  bright  adj., in the cold light of day at  cold  adj., hide your light under a bushel at  hide  v., jump the lights at  jump  v., be (all) sweetness and light at  sweetness 
 

Word Origin:

n. and v. adj. senses 1 to 2 Old English lēoht līht līhtan Germanic Dutch licht German Licht Indo-European Greek leukos ‘white’ Latin lux ‘light’ 
adj. senses 3 to 17 Old English lēocht līht lēohte Germanic Dutch licht German leicht Indo-European lung

 

Thesaurus:

light noun

1. U, sing.

• She could just see by the light of the candle. 

brightness • • lighting • 

Opp: darkness, Opp: the dark, Opp: shade 

light/brightness from sth

in the light/brightness

good/bright/strong/poor/electric light/lighting

give light/brightness to sth

2. C

• Turn on the lights! 

lamp • • candle • • lantern • |BrE torch • |especially AmE flashlight • 

switch on/off a light/lamp/torch/flashlight

shine a light/lantern/torch/flashlight on sth

a light/lamp/lantern/torch/flashlight shines 
 

Which Word?:

light / lighting

The noun light has several different meanings and is used in many phrases. Lighting can only be used to talk about the type of light in a place or how lights are used to achieve a particular effect: ▪ the lighting system ◊ ▪ the movie’s interesting lighting effects ◊ ▪ The lighting at the disco was fantastic. 
 

Example Bank:

• A warning light goes on when the battery is running low. 

• Bring it into the light and we'll have a look at it. 

• Could you give me a light? 

• For the first time since the start of his treatment, we can now see light at the end of the tunnel. 

• He flashed his lights to warn the oncoming cars. 

• In full light, you could see Alison was well over forty. 

• Light from a tall lamp fell in a pool on the desk. 

• Nothing can travel faster than the speed of light. 

• She held up the letter against the light. 

• Some cars already had their lights on. 

• Some of his paintings never even saw the light of day. 

• Someone shone a light in my face. 

• The blue light was flashing. 

• The car was stopped at the side of the road with its hazard lights flashing. 

• The lamp was the only source of light in the room. 

• The light flickered a couple of times then went out. 

• The light reflecting off the snow was dazzling. 

• The pilot could just make out the runway landing lights. 

• The place looked calm in the golden evening light. 

• The warning light came on. 

• There was a flash of light followed by an explosion. 

• They managed to see where the door was by the light of the moon. 

• We could hardly see the ball in the failing light. 

• We were momentarily blinded by the light of the sun. 

• You could see the imperfections in the repair when the light caught it. 

• film that is sensitive to ultraviolet light 

• in the cold light of morning 

• light emitted by a star 

• the bright lights of the city 

• the light from the kitchen window 

• Check your car before you drive to make sure that your lights are working. 

• Examine the artist's use of light and shade. 

• He squinted in the bright light. 

• It was getting dark and the street lights had come on. 

• Keep going— the lights are green. 

• Suddenly all the lights went out. 

• The light was beginning to fail. 

• The lights dimmed and the curtain rose. 

• Turn on the lights! 

• We could only just make out the path in the dim light. 

• a beam/ray of light 

Idioms: according to somebody's lights ▪ bring something to light ▪ cast light on something ▪ come to light ▪ in a good/bad/favourable light ▪ in somebody's light ▪ in the light of something ▪ light at the end of the tunnel ▪ light dawned ▪ light of somebody's life ▪ light on something ▪ light touch ▪ lights are on but nobody's home ▪ make light of something ▪ make light work of something ▪ out like a light ▪ run a light ▪ run the lights ▪ see the light ▪ set light to something

Derived Word: lightness

Derived: light on something ▪ light something up ▪ light up 
 

adjective (light·er, light·est)  
 

WITH NATURAL LIGHT

1. full of light; having the natural light of day

• We'll leave in the morning as soon as it's light. 

• It gets light at about 5 o'clock. 

• It was a light spacious apartment at the top of the building. 

Opp:  dark   
 

COLOURS

2. pale in colour

• light blue eyes 

• Lighter shades suit you best. 

• People with pale complexions should avoid wearing light colours. 

Opp:  dark   
 

WEIGHT

3. easy to lift or move; not weighing very much

• Modern video cameras are light and easy to carry. 

• Carry this bag— it's the lightest. 

• He's lost a lot of weight— he's three kilos lighter than he was. 

• The little girl was as light as a feather. 

• The aluminium body is 12% lighter than if built with steel. 

Opp:  heavy

4. usually before noun of less than average or usual weight

• light summer clothes 

• Only light vehicles are allowed over the old bridge. 

Opp:  heavy

5. used with a unit of weight to say that sth weighs less than it should do 

• The delivery of potatoes was several kilos light.   
 

GENTLE

6. usually before noun gentle or delicate; not using much force

• She felt a light tap on her shoulder. 

• the sound of quick light footsteps 

• You only need to apply light pressure. 

• As a boxer, he was always light on his feet (= quick and elegant in the way he moved). 

Opp:  heavy   
 

WORK/EXERCISE

7. usually before noun easy to do; not making you tired

• After his accident he was moved to lighter work. 

• some light housework 

• You are probably well enough to take a little light exercise.   
 

NOT GREAT

8. not great in amount, degree, etc

• light traffic 

• The forecast is for light showers. 

• light winds 

• Trading on the stock exchange was light today. 

Opp:  heavy   
 

NOT SEVERE/SERIOUS

9. not severe

• He was convicted of assaulting a police officer but he got off with a light sentence. 

10. entertaining rather than serious and not needing much mental effort

• light reading for the beach 

• a concert of light classical music 

• We were just making light conversation. 

11. not serious

• She kept her tone light. 

• This programme looks at the lighter side of politics. 

• We all needed a little light relief at the end of a long day (= something amusing or entertaining that comes after sth serious or boring). 

• The job does have its lighter moments. 

• Let's talk about lighter things, shall we? 

• On a lighter note, we end the news today with a story about a duck called Quackers.   
 

CHEERFUL

12. usually before noun free from worry; cheerful

• I left the island with a light heart.   
 

FOOD

13. (of a meal) small in quantity

• a light supper/snack. 

• I just want something light for lunch. 

Opp:  heavy

14. not containing much fat or not having a strong flavour and therefore easy for the stomach to digest

• Stick to a light diet. 

see also  lite

15. containing a lot of air

• This pastry is so light.   
 

DRINK

16. low in alcohol

• a light beer 

17. (IndE) (of tea or coffee) containing a lot of water

Syn:  weak

• I don't like my coffee too light. 

• I think I'll have a light tea. 

Opp:  strong   
 

SLEEP

18. only before noun a person in a light sleep is easy to wake

• She drifted into a light sleep. 

• I've always been a light sleeper. 

Opp:  deep

see also  lightly  

more at many hands make light work at  hand  n. 
 

Word Origin:

n. and v. adj. senses 1 to 2 Old English lēoht līht līhtan Germanic Dutch licht German Licht Indo-European Greek leukos ‘white’ Latin lux ‘light’ 
adj. senses 3 to 17 Old English lēocht līht lēohte Germanic Dutch licht German leicht Indo-European lung

 

Thesaurus:

light adj.

1.

• Light colours suit you best. 

pale • • soft • • pastel • • neutral • |usually approving cool • 

Opp: dark 

a light/pale/soft/pastel/neutral/cool colour/shade 

light/pale/soft/pastel/cool blue/green 

light/pale/soft/pastel pink 

light/soft/pale yellow/brown/red 

Light or pale? Both words can be used to describe colours. Pale is also used to describe a kind of light that contains a lot of white and is not bright: 

• a pale light/glow/sky 

 ¤ a light light/glow/sky 

2.

• The forecast is for light showers. 

gentle • • mild • 

Opp: heavy 

(a) light/gentle breeze/wind/rain

light/gentle work/exercise 

light/mild punishment 

Light, gentle or mild? Light is used especially to describe weather, work, exercise and punishments. Gentle is used especially to describe weather, temperature, work and exercise. Mild is used especially to describe weather, diseases, drugs, criticism and punishment. 
 

Example Bank:

• As soon as it grew light, we got up and dressed. 

• It stays light for so long on these summer evenings. 

• It was almost light outside. 

• It was barely light yet. 

• It was not light enough to see things clearly. 

• It was starting to get light. 

• The bottle felt strangely light between my fingers. 

• The punishment can be remarkably light. 

• The sky turned light once more. 

• The tent is light enough for backpacking and touring. 

• The traffic is usually fairly light in the afternoons. 

• The whole house was beautifully light and airy. 

• Trading volume remains light. 

• We'll set out as soon as it's completely light. 

• a deliciously light alternative to cake 

• wearing only very light clothes 

• Do you need some light reading for the beach? 

• He was convicted of assaulting a police officer but he got off with a light sentence. 

• He's got light blue eyes. 

• It gets light at about 5 o'clock. 

• People with pale complexions should avoid wearing light colours. 

• We'll leave in the morning as soon as it's light. 

• a pale light/glow/sky 

• light reading/fiction/entertainment/comedy/music/opera 

• pale/light blue/green/yellow/orange/red/pink/purple/grey/brown 

• pale/light colours/shades/tones 

 

verb (lit, lit   [lɪt] [lɪt] Lighted is also used for the past tense and past participle, especially in front of nouns.)  
 

START TO BURN

1. transitive ~ sth to make sth start to burn

• She lit a candle. 

• The candles were lit. 

• I put a lighted match to the letter and watched it burn. 

• Steve took out a cigarette and lit it. 

2. intransitive to start to burn

• The fire wouldn't light.   
 

GIVE LIGHT

3. transitive, usually passive ~ sth to give light to sth or to a place

• The stage was lit by bright spotlights. 

• well/badly lit streets 

• the lighted windows of the house 

4. transitive ~ sth (literary) to guide sb with a light

• Our way was lit by a full moon. 

Word Origin:

n. and v. adj. senses 1 to 2 Old English lēoht līht līhtan Germanic Dutch licht German Licht Indo-European Greek leukos ‘white’ Latin lux ‘light’ 
adj. senses 3 to 17 Old English lēocht līht lēohte Germanic Dutch licht German leicht Indo-European lung

 

Thesaurus:

light verb

1. T

• The explorers lit a fire to keep warm. 

set fire to sth/set sth on fire • • torch • |formal ignite • 

Opp: put sth out, Opp: extinguish 

light/ignite a fire/a flame/the gas 

a spark lights sth/sets fire to sth/ignites sth

Light, set fire to sth or ignite? Light is used especially when sb makes sth burn that is supposed to burn. Set fire to sth is used about bigger fires, especially about sth that is not supposed to burn. Sth is usually ignited by a spark or flame, rather than a person 

• He lit a candle. 

• She accidentally set fire to the sofa. 

• A spark must have ignited the gas. 

2. T, usually passive

• The stage was lit by spotlights. 

light (sth) up • • brighten • • flood • |formal illuminate • 

be lit/lit up/flooded/illuminated with sth

light/brigten/flood/illuminate a room 

well/brightly/dimly/softly lit/illuminated 
 

Example Bank:

• A gleam of humour momentarily lit his face. 

• Her face lit up with pleasure. 

• She paused to light another cigarette. 

• Stacey's face immediately lit up. 

• The room was dark now, lit only by a single candle. 

• a brightly lit room 

• a dimly lit street 

• Come in, I'll light a fire and you can get warmed up. 

• Make sure you always park your car in busy, well lit streets. 

• They installed gas apparatus to light the factory. 

• to light a match/cigarette/candle 

 

adverb

see travel light at  travel  v. 
 

Word Origin:

n. and v. adj. senses 1 to 2 Old English lēoht līht līhtan Germanic Dutch licht German Licht Indo-European Greek leukos ‘white’ Latin lux ‘light’ 
adj. senses 3 to 17 Old English lēocht līht lēohte Germanic Dutch licht German leicht Indo-European lung

See also: in light of something ▪ jump the lights

Wiktionary

light

1. verb
a) To start (a fire ).
She lit her last match.
b) To set fire to.
I lit upon a rare book in a second-hand booksellers.
Syn: ignite , kindle, conflagrate , illuminate , light up
Ant: extinguish , put out , quench
2. noun
a) The natural medium emanating from the sun and other very hot sources (now recognised as electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength of 400-750 nm), within which vision is possible.
As you can see, this spacious dining-room gets a lot of light in the mornings.
b) A source of illumination.
Put that light out!
Syn: visible light
3. adjective
a) having light
My bag was much lighter once I had dropped off the books.
b) pale in colour
We took a light aircraft down to the city.
Syn: lightweight , delicate , gentle , soft , lite , lo-cal , low-alcohol, inconsequential , trivial , unimportant
Ant: heavy , weighty , cumbersome , heavyweight , massive , forceful , strong , calorific , fatty , crucial , important
4. adverb
Carrying little.
I prefer to travel light.
Syn: chance upon, come upon , find , happen upon, hit upon , alight , land

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سلام جمله اول درسته؟

them she lit up a....

 

سلام
معنی There is light at the end of the tunnel
چیه؟

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