strong

اشتراک گذاری در شبکه های اجتماعی

کلمه
strong
معنی: 

قوی ، نیرومند ، داشتن قوای جسمی فراوان به طوری که بتوان اجسام سنگین را بلند کرد و یا کارهای سخت را انجام داد.

معادل فارسی: 

نیرومند ، قوی 

محکم ، شدید

مستحکم ، استوار

پرو پا قرص

تند ، غلیظ ، مایه دار

سالم ، تندرست

 

مثال: 

He's strong enough to lift a car!

او به اندازه ای قدرتمند است که می تواند یک ماشین را بلند کند !

Stay indoors in the middle of the day, when the sun is strongest.

در اواسط روز زمانیکه اشعه ی خورشید بیشترین قدرت خود را دارد در فضاهای سربسته بمانید.

You have a strong case for getting your job back.

شما وضعیت دشواری جهت باز پس گیری شغلتان دارید.

She always drinks strong black coffee .

او معمولاً قهوه ی سیاه قوی مینوشد. 

 

 

سطح، موضوع و برچسب

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

strong

strong S1 W1 /strɒŋ $ strɒːŋ/ adjective (comparative stronger, superlative strongest)
[Word Family: verb: strengthen; noun: strength; adverb: strongly; adjective: strong]
[Language: Old English; Origin: strang]
1. ABLE TO LIFT HEAVY THINGS/DO HARD WORK having a lot of physical power so that you can lift heavy things, do hard physical work etc:
He was a big strong man.
Jack was tall and strong.
strong hands/arms/muscles etc
He picked her up in his big strong arms.
I’m not strong enough to fight him. see Thesaurus box on P. 1752
2. NOT EASILY BROKEN OR DAMAGED not easily broken or damaged:
good strong shoes
The locks on the doors were solid and strong.
3. ABLE TO DEAL WITH DIFFICULTY determined and able to deal with a difficult or upsetting situation:
I’m not strong enough to take insults and hatred.
Laura had a strong character.
4. POWERFUL having a lot of power or influence:
The Fifth French Republic was established with a strong president in 1958.
a strong national army
Our party is the strongest as we come up to the election.
5. FEELINGS/OPINIONS strong emotions, opinions, beliefs etc are ones that you feel or believe a lot and are very serious about:
He had a strong sense of responsibility to his vocation of preaching.
There has been strong support for the strike.
The proposal has met with strong opposition from local people.
strong feelings/views/opinions
Many people have strong feelings about the issue.
6. AFFECT/INFLUENCE a strong desire, influence etc affects you very much:
He had a strong desire for power.
Such feelings may have a strong influence over your decisions.
The temptation is very strong.
7. RELATIONSHIP a strong relationship, friendship etc is very loyal and likely to last a long time:
He maintained strong links with the world of the deaf.
She still has a strong relationship with her mother.
I have a strong commitment to the quality of teaching.
8. ARGUMENT/REASON ETC likely to persuade other people that something is true or the correct thing to do:
There is a strong case for an energy conservation programme.
They need strong evidence to secure a conviction.
a strong argument
9. LIKELY likely to succeed or happen:
She’s a strong candidate for the party leadership.
strong possibility/chance/probability
A year ago, there was a strong possibility that he wouldn’t live.
10. HEALTHY healthy, especially after you have been ill:
I don’t think her heart is very strong.
You’ve been blessed with a strong constitution (=you are healthy and do not easily become ill).
11. be in a strong position (also gain a strong position) to be in a situation where you have power over other people or are likely to get what you want:
The company have gained a strong position in the cheese market.
12. strong wind/current/tide wind, water etc that moves with great force:
A strong wind was blowing across the lake.
13. GOOD AT SOMETHING very good at something:
His writing was strong on description.
We beat a team that was much stronger than ourselves.
be sb’s strong point/suit (=the thing that someone is especially good at)
Tact never was my strong point.
14. TASTE/SMELL having a taste or smell that you notice easily:
strong coffee
This cheese has a very strong flavour.
a strong smell of petrol
15. ALCOHOL/DRUGS ETC having a lot of a substance, such as alcohol, that gives something its effect:
extra strong beer
strong painkillers
I haven’t touched strong drink (=alcoholic drinks) for years.
16. LIGHT/COLOUR bright and easy to see:
The light was not very strong.
17. strong language speech or writing that contains a lot of swearing:
This film is not suitable for children under 12 as it contains strong language.
18. strong accent the way that someone pronounces words that shows clearly that they come from a particular area or country:
a strong German accent
19. strong nose/chin/features a nose etc that is large and noticeable, especially in an attractive way:
She has the same strong features as her mother.
20. MONEY a strong currency (=the type of money used in a country) does not easily lose its value compared with other currencies
21. 600/10,000 etc strong [only after number] used to give the number of people in a crowd or organization:
the company’s 2,200 strong workforce
The crowd was 10,000 strong.
22. be going strong to continue to be active or successful, even after a long time:
He celebrated his ninetieth birthday this month, and he’s still going strong.
come on strong at come on(10)
• • •

COLLOCATIONS (for Meanings 5 & 6)nouns

strong views/opinions/ideas She has strong views on education.
a strong feeling I have a lot of strong feelings on the issue.
a strong belief We have a strong belief that everyone has the right to worship freely.
a strong sense of something There is a strong sense of community here.
strong support The idea won strong support in rural areas.
strong opposition There had been strong opposition to the scheme from the national park authority.
a strong interest in something At 16, he developed a strong interest in archaeology.
a strong commitment to something Since its establishment in 1945 the College has had a strong commitment to research.
a strong desire for something/to do something People have a strong desire for personal independence.
a strong influence The experience of living there had a strong influence on me.
a strong impression She made a strong impression on me.
a strong temptation There’s always a strong temptation to put off doing difficult tasks.
• • •

THESAURUShaving a strong body

strong having a lot of physical strength: It took four strong men to lift the piano. | You open it – you’re stronger than I am.
powerful very strong – used about someone’s body, arms, muscles etc: his big powerful shoulders | He was a tall man with a powerful physique.
muscular having big muscles and looking strong: She liked men who were big and muscular. | He had a firm muscular body.
well-built a well-built man is strong and tall and has a big body: Police say the man they are looking for is 36 years old, 6 feet tall, and well-built.
hunky informal strong and attractive: She married hunky Hollywood star Brad Pitt. | He looks hunky, but he’s not really my type.

not easily broken or damaged

strong not easily broken or damaged: The bags are made of strong black plastic. | We need a strong rope for this job.
tough strong – used especially about something that can be used a lot without damaging it or making it weaker: a pair of tough leather boots | Kitchen floors need to be tough enough to withstand heavy use.
heavy-duty [only before noun] extremely strong – used about materials, tools, machines etc that are made especially to be used a lot without being easily damaged: heavy-duty rubber gloves | a heavy-duty carpet for the hallway
sturdy strong and often thick, and not likely to fall over or get broken: a fence made with sturdy wooden posts | The furniture is simple but sturdy.
unbreakable extremely strong and impossible to break: Babies need to have unbreakable dishes and cups.
indestructible impossible to break, damage, or destroy, and lasting forever: Gold is virtually indestructible. | The pyramids were built as indestructible tombs for the Pharaohs.
hard-wearing British English, long-wearing American English used about materials and products that will remain in good condition for a long time even when they are used a lot: Ceramic tiles are easy to keep clean and hard-wearing. | a hard-wearing fabric
durable especially written used about materials and products that will remain in good condition for a long time – often used on product labels: The jacket has a durable nylon lining. | Varnish is more durable than paint.
robust especially written strongly made – used especially about the structure of something, for example a vehicle or machine: a mountain bike with a robust frame | The hardware for the computer must be robust and inexpensive.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

strong
strong (NOTICEABLE) /strɒŋ/ US /strɑːŋ/
adjective
If a taste, smell, etc. is strong, it is very noticeable or powerful:
A strong light was shining straight in my eyes.
There's a really strong smell of bleach in the corridor.
I don't like coffee/tea if it's too strong.
The room was decorated in very strong colours.
What a strong likeness there is between the brothers.

strong (IN NUMBER) /strɒŋ/ US /strɑːŋ/
adjective [after noun]
having the stated number of people, members, etc:
Our social club is currently about eighty strong.
See also strength (NUMBER).

strong (LIKELY) /strɒŋ/ US /strɑːŋ/
adjective
very likely to happen:
There's a strong possibility/likelihood of finding the child within the next few hours.
The treatment's chances of success are stronger if it is started as soon as the disease is diagnosed.

strong (DETERMINED) /strɒŋ/ US /strɑːŋ/
adjective
difficult to argue with; firm and determined:
She has strong opinions about religion.
He has a strong personality, but don't let him bully you.
Most of the group have strong views on the subject of divorce.

strong (DIFFICULT TO BREAK) /strɒŋ/ US /strɑːŋ/
adjective
difficult to break, destroy or make ill, or able to support a heavy weight or force:
a strong box/chair
The window is made from very strong glass - it won't shatter.
He's never been very strong, and I'm afraid all the excitement was too much for him.
He had such a strong will to live - he simply refused to die.
See also strength (EFFORT).

strongly /ˈstrɒŋ.li/ US /ˈstrɑːŋ-/
adverb
in a way or form that is difficult to break:
Equipment will have to be strongly made to endure the weather conditions on the ice cap.

strong (NOT WEAK) /strɒŋ/ US /strɑːŋ/
adjective 
1 powerful; having or using great force or control:
She must be very strong to carry such a weight on her back.
It is surely the duty of the stronger members in a society to help those who are weak.
My grandmother had a strong influence/effect on my early childhood.
Strong winds are forecast in the area for the next few days.
It's surprising what strong memories a photograph can produce.

2 effective; of a good quality or level and likely to be successful:
We will need strong policies if our economic problems are to be solved.
I can give you stronger pain-killing drugs if these aren't strong enough.
Strong trading links exist between us and many South American countries.

3 clever or good at doing things:
Without a doubt, she's the strongest candidate we've interviewed for the post.
As a guitarist, he's strong on (= good at) technique but perhaps lacks feeling in some pieces.

strong /strɒŋ/ US /strɑːŋ/
adverb INFORMAL
come on strong to behave in a way which makes it clear that you are sexually interested in a particular person, or to behave towards another person in a way which many people think is too severe:
He's always coming on strong to me - I wish he'd stop.
You came on too strong then - she didn't do it deliberately.

strongly /ˈstrɒŋ.li/ US /ˈstrɑːŋ-/
adverb 
very much or in a very serious way:
They strongly believe their children should make choices for themselves.
Many locals are strongly opposed to the development.

 

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

strong

strong [strong stronger strongest]   [strɒŋ]    [strɔːŋ]  adjective (strong·er   [strɒŋɡə(r)]  ;   [strɔːŋɡər]  , strong·est   [strɒŋɡɪst]  ;   [strɔːŋɡɪst]  )

  
 

HAVING PHYSICAL POWER

1. (of people, animals, etc.) having a lot of physical power so that you can lift heavy weights, do hard physical work, etc

• strong muscles 

• She wasn't a strong swimmer (= she could not swim well). 

• He's strong enough to lift a car! 

2. (of a natural or physical force) having great power

• Stay indoors in the middle of the day, when the sun is strongest. 

• a strong wind/current 

• a strong magnet 

3. having a powerful effect on the body or mind

• a strong drug   
 

HAVING POWER OVER PEOPLE

4. having a lot of power or influence

• a strong leader/government 

5. the strong plural people who are rich or powerful   
 

HARD TO RESIST/DEFEAT/ATTACK

6. very powerful and difficult for people to fight against or defeat

• a strong team 

• (figurative) The temptation to tell her everything was very strong. 

7. (of an argument, evidence, etc.) difficult to attack or criticize

• There is strong evidence of a link between exercise and a healthy heart. 

• You have a strong case for getting your job back.   
 

OPINION/BELIEF/FEELING

8. only before noun (of a person) holding an opinion or a belief very firmly and seriously

Syn:  firm

• a strong supporter/opponent of the government 

9. (of an opinion, a belief or a feeling) very powerful

• strong support for the government 

• People have strong feelings about this issue.   
 

NOT EASILY BROKEN

10. (of objects) not easily broken or damaged; made well

• a strong chair   
 

NOT EASILY UPSET

11. not easily upset or frightened; not easily influenced by other people

• You need strong nerves to ride a bike in London. 

• It's difficult, I know. But be strong! 

• a strong personality 

• She's had a strong will since she was a baby. 

see also  headstrong, strong-minded, strong-willed   
 

LIKELY TO SUCCEED

12. likely to succeed or happen

• a strong candidate for the job 

• You're in a strong position to negotiate a deal. 

• There's a strong possibility that we'll lose the game.   
 

GOOD AT STH

13. good at sth

• The play has a very strong cast. 

• Mathematics was never my strong point (= I was never very good at it).   
 

NUMBER

14. great in number

• There was a strong police presence at the demonstration. 

15. used after numbers to show the size of a group 

• a 5 000-strong crowd 

• The crowd was 5 000 strong.   
 

HEALTHY

16. (of a person) not easily affected by disease; healthy

• Are you feeling stronger now after your rest?   
 

FIRMLY ESTABLISHED

17. firmly established; difficult to destroy

• a strong marriage 

• The college has strong links with local industry.   
 

BUSINESS

18. (of prices, an economy, etc.) having a value that is high or increasing

• strong share prices 

• The euro is getting stronger against the dollar. 

19. (of a business or an industry) in a safe financial position

• Their catering business remained strong despite the recession.   
 

EASY TO SEE/HEAR/FEEL/SMELL

20. easy to see, hear, feel or smell; very great or intense

• a strong smell 

• a strong feeling of nausea 

• a strong voice (= loud) 

• strong colours 

• a face with strong features (= large and noticeable) 

• She spoke with a strong Australian accent. 

• He was under strong pressure to resign.   
 

FOOD

21. having a lot of flavour

• strong cheese   
 

DRINKS

22. containing a lot of a substance

• strong black coffee   
 

WORDS

23. (of words or language) having a lot of force, often causing offence to people

• The movie has been criticized for strong language (= swearing).   
 

GRAMMAR

24. usually before noun (of a verb) forming the past tense and past participle by changing a vowel, not by adding a regular ending, for example sing, sang   
 

PHONETICS

25. usually before noun used to describe the way some words are pronounced when they have stress. For example, the strong form of and is / [ænd] / . 

Opp:  weak  

more at sb's best/strongest/winning card at  card  n. 

Idioms: a bit strong ▪ come on strong ▪ going strong ▪ have a strong stomach ▪ somebody's strong suit ▪ strong on something

Derived Word: strongly 
 

Word Origin:

Old English, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch and German streng, also to string. 
 

Thesaurus:

strong adj.

1.

• He's strong enough to lift a car! 

muscular • |especially written, usually approving powerful • 

Opp: weak 

(a) strong/muscular/powerful build/body/arms/legs 

strong/powerful muscles/jaws 

2.

• Stay indoors when the sun is strongest. 

bright • • dazzling • • brilliant • • bold • • intense • |disapproving harsh • • glaring • 

Opp: weak 

strong/bright/dazzling/brilliant/intense/harsh/glaring light 

strong/bright/dazzling/brilliant/bold/harsh/glaring colours 

strong/bright/dazzling/brilliant/glaring sunshine 

3. (approving)

• The country needs a strong leader. 

powerful • • important • • influential • • great • • dominant • 

Opp: weak 

a/an strong/powerful/important/influential/great/dominant figure/leader/position 

a/an strong/powerful/influential lobby 

a/an strong/powerful/important/great/dominant influence 

Which word? Strong people are confident and have leadership qualities. Powerful people such as politicians use their position to control events. Important people influence other people or events because people respect them or because their position means their actions have a great effect. Influential people change other people's opinions or behaviour because people respect and listen to them. 

4.

• You have a strong case for getting your job back. 

convincing • • persuasive • • forceful • • compelling • |formal cogent • 

Opp: weak 

a strong/convincing/persuasive/forceful/compelling/cogent argument 

strong/convincing/persuasive/compelling/cogent evidence 

a strong/convincing/persuasive/compelling/cogent reason/case 

5.

• You need vitamins to keep you strong and healthy. 

healthy • • good • |especially BrE fit • |especially spoken well • • fine • 

Opp: weak 

get strong/fit/well

physically strong/healthy/fit/well

fit and strong/healthy/well

6.

• strong cheese/coffee 

hot • • spicy • 

Opp: mild, Opp: weak 

a strong/hot/spicy flavour 

a strong/spicy taste 

strong/hot mustard 
 

Word Family:

strong adjective 

strongly adverb 

strength noun 

strengthen verb 
 

Synonyms:

well

all right • OK • fine • healthy • strong • fit 

These words all describe sb who is not ill and is in good health.

well • [not usually before noun] (rather informal) in good health: ▪ I'm not feeling very well. ◊ ▪ Is he well enough to travel? 

Well is used especially to talk about your own health, to ask sb about their health or to make a comment on it.

all right • [not before noun] (rather informal) not feeling ill; not injured: ▪ Are you feeling all right? 

OK • [not before noun] (informal) not feeling ill; not injured: ▪ She says she's OK now, and will be back at work tomorrow. 

all right or ok?

These words are slightly less positive than the other words in this group. They are both used in spoken English to talk about not actually being ill or injured, rather than being positively in good health. Both are rather informal but OK is slightly more informal than all right.

fine • [not before noun] (not used in negative statements) (rather informal) completely well: ▪ ‘How are you?’ ‘Fine, thanks.’ 

Fine is used especially to talk about your health, especially when sb asks you how you are. It is also used to talk about sb's health when you are talking to sb else. Unlike well it is not often used to ask sb about their health or make a comment on it: Are you keeping fine?

healthy • in good health and not likely to become ill: ▪ Keep healthy by exercising regularly. 

strong • in good health and not suffering from an illness: ▪ After a few weeks she was feeling stronger. 

Strong is often used to talk about becoming healthy again after an illness.

fit • (especially BrE) in good physical health, especially because you take regular physical exercise: ▪ I go swimming every day in order to keep fit. 

all right/OK/fit for sth

all right/OK/fit to do sth 

to feel/look well/all right/OK/fine/healthy/strong/fit

to keep (sb) well/healthy/fit

perfectly well/all right/OK/fine/healthy/fit

physically well/healthy/strong/fit 
 

Example Bank:

• Don't try to go back to work before you are physically strong enough. 

• He exerts an extremely strong influence on his classmates. 

• Sales were surprisingly strong in the second half of the year. 

• The box looks strong enough. 

• The business is still going strong. 

• The men's golf team finished strong on Saturday. 

• The party lacks a strong enough local base. 

• This news helped keep the dollar relatively strong today. 

• We must stand strong in the face of adversity. 

• After a few weeks she was feeling stronger. 

• He felt that the evidence was sufficiently strong to make the claims he did. 

• He's strong enough to lift a car! 

• It's difficult, I know, but be strong! 

• She has long been one of the strongest advocates of sanctions. 

• She is the leader of one of the country's strongest trade unions. 

• She wasn't a strong swimmer. 

• Stay indoors in the middle of the day, when the sun is strongest. 

• The report recommended a strong role for the governing board in school policy on discipline. 

• There is strong evidence of a link between exercise and a healthy heart. 

• These vitamins are meant to keep you healthy and strong. 

• This traditional Cheddar is a treat for lovers of strong farmhouse cheese. 

• We hope to see you well and strong again soon. 

• What the country needs right now is a strong government. 

• Will this damage his image as a strong leader? 

• You'll need to use plenty of strong French mustard. 

• a cup of strong black coffee 

Wiktionary

strong

   1. adjective
a) capable of producing great physical force .
a big strong man
b) capable of withstand ing great physical force
Jake was tall and strong.
Syn: forceful , powerful , durable , ardent , determined , unyielding , zealous , extreme , intense , rank , concentrated , potent , hard , irregular , impregnable , inviolable , secure , unassailable , unattackable
Ant: forceless, weak , fragile , diluted , impotent , regular
2. adverb
in a strong manner
Syn: forcefully , powerfully , vigorously , strongly

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