C2

sin

sin [noun]

the offence of breaking, or the breaking of, a religious or moral law

US /sɪn/ 
UK /sɪn/ 

گناه‌، معصيت‌

مثال: 

to commit a sin

گناه‌ كردن‌

Oxford Essential Dictionary

sin

 noun
something that your religion says you should not do, because it is very bad:
Stealing is a sin.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

sin

I. sin1 S2 /sɪn/ BrE AmE noun
[Language: Old English; Origin: synn]
1. [uncountable and countable] an action that is against religious rules and is considered to be an offence against God
sin of
the sin of pride
She needed to confess her sins and ask for forgiveness.
He knew that he had committed a terrible sin.
the seven deadly sins (=seven bad feelings or desires, in the Christian religion)
2. a sin informal something that you think is very wrong
it is a sin (to do something)
There’s so much lovely food here, it would be a sin to waste it.
3. live in sin old-fashioned if two people live in sin, they live together in a sexual relationship without being married
4. as miserable/ugly/guilty as sin especially British English spoken very unhappy, ugly, or guilty:
I saw Margaret this morning looking as miserable as sin.
5. for my sins especially British English spoken an expression used to suggest jokingly that you have to do something as a punishment:
I work at head office now, for my sins.
sinful
cover/hide a multitude of sins at ↑multitude(4), ⇨ ↑cardinal sin, ↑mortal sin, ↑original sin

COLLOCATIONS
■ verbs
commit a sin He has committed a grave sin.
confess your sins He knelt and confessed his sins to God.
forgive sins God has forgiven all my sins.
repent (of) your sins (=be sorry you committed them) I sincerely repent of my sins.
■ phrases
the seven deadly sins (=seven bad feelings or desires, in the Christian religion, for example greed or too much pride)
■ adjectives
a great sin Possibly the greatest sin you can be guilty of is not speaking out against cruelty or injustice when you see it.
a besetting sin literary (=one that you keep committing) Drunkenness was his besetting sin.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

sin

 

sin [sin sins sinned sinning] noun, verb, abbreviation   [sɪn]    [sɪn] 

 

noun
1. countable an offence against God or against a religious or moral law
to commit a sin
Confess your sins to God and he will forgive you.
• The Bible says that stealing is a sin.

see also  mortal sin, original sin

2. uncountable the act of breaking a religious or moral law

• a life of sin

3. countable, usually singular (informal) an action that people strongly disapprove of
It's a sin to waste taxpayers' money like that.
see also  sinful, sinner 
more at cover/hide a multitude of sins at  multitude, live in sin at  live1  
Word Origin:
v. and n. Old English synn (noun), syngian (verb); probably related to Latin sons, sont- ‘guilty’.  
Collocations:
Religion
Being religious
believe in God/Christ/Allah/free will/predestination/heaven and hell/an afterlife/reincarnation
be/become a believer/an atheist/an agnostic/a Christian/Muslim/Hindu/Buddhist, etc.
convert to/practise/ (especially US) practice a religion/Buddhism/Catholicism/Christianity/Islam/Judaism, etc.
go to church/(NAmE) temple (= the synagogue)
go to the local church/mosque/synagogue/gurdwara
belong to a church/a religious community
join/enter the church/a convent/a monastery/a religious sect/the clergy/the priesthood
praise/worship/obey/serve/glorify God
Celebrations and ritual
attend/hold/conduct/lead a service
perform a ceremony/a rite/a ritual/a baptism/the Hajj/a mitzvah
carry out/perform a sacred/burial/funeral/fertility/purification rite
go on/make a pilgrimage
celebrate Christmas/Easter/Eid/Ramadan/Hanukkah/Passover/Diwali
observe/break the Sabbath/a fast/Ramadan
deliver/preach/hear a sermon
lead/address the congregation
say/recite a prayer/blessing
Religious texts and ideas
preach/proclaim/spread the word of God/the Gospel/the message of Islam
study/follow the dharma/the teachings of Buddha
read/study/understand/interpret scripture/the Bible/the Koran/the gospel/the Torah
be based on/derive from divine revelation
commit/consider sth heresy/sacrilege
Religious belief and experience
seek/find/gain enlightenment/wisdom
strengthen/lose your faith
keep/practise/practice/abandon the faith
save/purify/lose your soul
obey/follow/keep/break/violate a commandment/Islamic law/Jewish law
be/accept/do God's will
receive/experience divine grace
achieve/attain enlightenment/salvation/nirvana
undergo a conversion/rebirth/reincarnation
hear/answer a prayer
commit/confess/forgive a sin
do/perform penance 
Example Bank:
Even politicians are not immune from the sins of the flesh.
It's considered a sin to be disrespectful to your parents.
Our sons will pay for the sins of their fathers.
Sin against others is seen as a sin against God.
The besetting sin of 18th-century urban Britain was drunkenness.
They had confessed their sins and done their penance.
They would have to expiate their sins through suffering.
We believe in the forgiveness of sins.
We have repented for past sins. Now it's time to move on.
sin taxes on cigarettes and alcohol
the Christian doctrine of original sin
Believers are called on to turn away from sin and embrace a life of prayer.
Father, I have committed a sin.
He was pursuing an active life of sin when he felt the Lord speaking to him.
• It's a sin to waste taxpayers' money like that.

Idioms: something for your sins  ugly as sin 

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

sin / sɪn / noun [ C or U ]

C2 the offence of breaking, or the breaking of, a religious or moral law:

to commit/confess a sin

He thinks a lot about sin.

[ + to infinitive ] informal I think it 's a sin (= is morally wrong) to waste food, when so many people in the world are hungry.

humorous For my sins (= as if it were a punishment) , I'm organizing the office party this year.

 

sinless / -ləs / adjective

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

sin

[sɪ̱n]
 sins, sinning, sinned
 1) N-VAR Sin or a sin is an action or type of behaviour which is believed to break the laws of God.
 → See also cardinal sin, mortal sin
  The Vatican's teaching on abortion is clear: it is a sin...
  Was it the sin of pride to have believed too much in themselves?
 2) VERB If you sin, you do something that is believed to break the laws of God.
  [V against n] The Spanish Inquisition charged him with sinning against God and man...
  You have sinned and unless you repent your ways you will surely roast in hell.
  Derived words:
  sinner [sɪ̱nə(r)] plural N-COUNT I was shown that I am a sinner, that I needed to repent of my sins.
 3) N-COUNT A sin is any action or behaviour that people disapprove of or consider morally wrong.
  ...the sin of arrogant hard-heartedness...
  The ultimate sin was not infidelity, but public mention which led to scandal.
 4) PHRASE: V inflects If you say that a man and a woman are living in sin, you mean that they are living together as a couple although they are not married. [OLD-FASHIONED]
 a multitude of sinssee multitude
  She was living in sin with her boyfriend.

 

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

1sin /ˈsɪn/ noun, pl sins
1 : an action that is considered to be wrong according to religious or moral law

[count]

• He committed the sin of stealing.
• Murder is a sin.
• I confessed my sins.

[noncount]

• We are not free from sin.
• a world of sin
- see also cardinal sin, deadly sin, mortal sin, original sin, venial sin
2 [count] : an action that is considered to be bad - usually singular
• It's a sin to waste food.
- see also besetting sin
(as) guilty/miserable/ugly as sin informal : very guilty/miserable/ugly
• Even though he was acquitted, most people think he is guilty as sin.
• That house is as ugly as sin.
for your sins chiefly Brit humorous
- used to say that you are doing something unpleasant, difficult, etc., as a form of punishment
For my sins, I was made chairman of the board.
live in sin
- see 1live

not be cut out for sth

not be cut out for sth [idiom]

not to be the right kind of person for something

Usage: 
not be cut out for sth - برای این کار درست نشده است

برای انجام کاری مناسب نبودن

مثال: 

I loved karate and I took some course but I wasn’t good at that. It seems I wasn’t cut for karate.

کاراته رو خیلی دوست داشتم و در کلاسش شرکت کردم ولی خوب کار نمیکردم. مثل اینکه برای این کار ساخته نشده بودم.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

be cut out for something ( also be cut out to be something ) [ usually in questions and negatives ] to have the qualities that you need for a particular job or activity :

In the end, I decided I wasn’t cut out for the army.

Are you sure you’re really cut out to be a teacher?

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

be ˌcut ˈout for sth | be ˌcut ˈout to be sth ( informal ) to have the qualities and abilities needed for sth

He's not cut out for teaching.

He's not cut out to be a teacher.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

not be cut out for sth

C2 to not be the right type of person for something:

I'm not cut out for an office job.

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Wiktionary

Adjective

cut out

  1. (idiomatic) Well suited; appropriate; fit for a particular activity or purpose.

    I'm not really cut out for camping outdoors. I'm allergic to mosquito bites.

    We've got our work cut out for us.

Usage notes

Most commonly found in negative constructions, such as "not cut out for ...".

catastrophe

catastrophe [noun]

a sudden event that causes very great trouble or destruction

US /kəˈtæs.trə.fi/ 
UK /kəˈtæs.trə.fi/ 

(در نمايش‌ به‌ ويژه‌ در تراژدى) صحنه‌ى نهايى‌ و سرنوشت‌ ساز (كه‌ در آن‌ قهرمان‌ كشته‌ مى‌شود يا گره‌ كارها گشوده‌ مى‌گردد)، شور اوج‌، دژآشوب‌

مثال: 

Losing his job was a great catastrophe to him.

از دست‌ دادن‌ شغل‌ براى او سانحه‌ى بزرگى‌ بود.‏

Oxford Essential Dictionary

catastrophe

 noun
a sudden disaster that causes great suffering or damage:
major catastrophes such as floods and earthquakes

 

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

catastrophe

catastrophe /kəˈtæstrəfi/ BrE AmE noun
[Date: 1500-1600; Language: Greek; Origin: katastrephein 'to turn upside down', from kata- ( ⇨ ↑cataclysm) + strephein 'to turn']
1. [uncountable and countable] a terrible event in which there is a lot of destruction, suffering, or death SYN disaster
environmental/nuclear/economic etc catastrophe
The Black Sea is facing ecological catastrophe as a result of pollution.
prevent/avert a catastrophe
Sudan requires food immediately to avert a humanitarian catastrophe.
2. [countable] an event which is very bad for the people involved SYN disaster
catastrophe for
If the contract is cancelled, it’ll be a catastrophe for everyone concerned.
—catastrophic /ˌkætəˈstrɒfɪk◂ $ -ˈstrɑː-/ adjective:
a catastrophic fall in the price of rice
The failure of the talks could have catastrophic consequences.
—catastrophically /-kli/ adverb

THESAURUS
disaster a sudden event such as an accident, or a natural event such as a flood or storm, which causes great damage or suffering: 200 people died in the train disaster. | The earthquake was the worst natural disaster to hit India for over 50 years.
catastrophe a terrible event in which there is a lot of destruction, damage, suffering, or death over a wide area of the world: A large comet hitting the earth would be a catastrophe. | We don’t want another nuclear catastrophe like Chernobyl. | Scientists say that the oil spill is an ecological catastrophe.
tragedy a very sad event, that shocks people because it involves death: It was a tragedy that he died so young. | the AIDS tragedy in Africa
debacle an event or situation that is a complete failure and is very embarrassing: The opening ceremony turned into a debacle. | The team is hoping to do better this game, after last week’s debacle against the Chicago Bears.
 

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

catastrophe

 

ca·tas·trophe [catastrophe catastrophes]   [kəˈtæstrəfi]    [kəˈtæstrəfi]  noun
1. a sudden event that causes many people to suffer
Syn:  disaster

• Early warnings of rising water levels prevented another major catastrophe.

2. an event that causes one person or a group of people personal suffering, or that makes difficulties
The attempt to expand the business was a catastrophe for the firm.
We've had a few catastrophes with the food for the party.
Derived Words: catastrophic  catastrophically  
Word Origin:
mid 16th cent. (in the sense ‘denouement’): from Latin catastropha, from Greek katastrophē ‘overturning, sudden turn’, from kata- ‘down’ + strophē ‘turning’ (from strephein ‘to turn’).  
Example Bank:
The country is on the brink of a humanitarian catastrophe.
These policies could lead the country to environmental catastrophe.
We had a few catastrophes with the food for the party.
moves to avert a national catastrophe
• It wouldn't be a catastrophe if he didn't turn up.

• The verdict of this hearing is a personal and professional catastrophe for her.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

catastrophe / kəˈtæs.trə.fi / noun [ C ]

C2 a sudden event that causes very great trouble or destruction:

They were warned of the ecological catastrophe to come.

a bad situation:

The emigration of scientists is a catastrophe for the country.

 

catastrophic / ˌkæt.əˈstrɒf.ɪk /   / ˌkæt̬.əˈstrɑː.fɪk / adjective

An unchecked increase in the use of fossil fuels could have catastrophic results for the planet.

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

catastrophe

[kətæ̱strəfi]
 catastrophes
 N-COUNT
 A catastrophe is an unexpected event that causes great suffering or damage.
  From all points of view, war would be a catastrophe...
  If the world is to avoid environmental catastrophe, advanced economies must undergo a profound transition.
 Syn:
 disaster

 

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

catastrophe

ca·tas·tro·phe /kəˈtæstrəfi/ noun, pl -phes : a terrible disaster

[count]

• The oil spill was an environmental catastrophe.
• Experts fear a humanitarian catastrophe if food isn't delivered to the refugees soon.
• a global/nuclear/economic catastrophe

[noncount]

• an area on the brink of catastrophe
- cat·a·stroph·ic /ˌkætəˈstrɑːfɪk/ adj [more ~; most ~]
• The effect of the war on the economy was catastrophic.
• a catastrophic drought
- cat·a·stroph·i·cal·ly /ˌkætəˈstrɑːfɪkli/ adv
• The dam failed catastrophically, flooding the entire valley.

resolution

resolution [noun] (DECISION)

an official decision that is made after a group or organization have voted

US /ˌrez.əˈluː.ʃən/ 
UK /ˌrez.əˈluː.ʃən/ 

قصد، نيت‌، خواست‌

مثال: 

to  approve/adopt  a resolution

Oxford Essential Dictionary

resolution

 noun
something that you decide to do or not to do:
Julie made a resolution to study harder.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

resolution

resolution W3 AC /ˌrezəˈluːʃən/ BrE AmE noun
[Word Family: verb: ↑resolve; noun: ↑resolution]
1. DECISION [countable] a formal decision or statement agreed on by a group of people, especially after a vote
pass/adopt/approve a resolution
The resolution was passed by a two-thirds majority.
a resolution calling for a ban on dumping nuclear waste
They have failed to comply with the resolution.
2. SOLUTION [singular, uncountable] when someone solves a problem, argument, or difficult situation
resolution of
a forum for the resolution of commercial disputes
3. PROMISE [countable] a promise to yourself to do something ⇨ resolve
resolution to do something
Carol made a resolution to work harder at school.
New Year’s resolution (=a resolution made on January 1st)
4. DETERMINATION [uncountable] strong belief and determination:
Then, with sudden resolution, she stood up.
5. CLEAR PICTURE [uncountable and countable] the power of a television, camera, ↑microscope etc to give a clear picture
high/low resolution (=how clear or unclear the picture is)

COLLOCATIONS
■ verbs
pass/approve a resolution The Security Council passed a resolution condemning the country’s aggression.
adopt a resolution (=pass it) The resolution was adopted by 12 votes to none.
reject a resolution The National Assembly rejected the resolution.
propose/introduce/put forward a resolution The resolution was proposed by the chairman of the committee.
table a resolution (=officially propose it) Siddall tabled a resolution asking for the Board’s approval of the Five Year Business Plan.
vote on a resolution Are there any comments you wish to make before we vote on this resolution?
a resolution calling for something We support the EU resolution calling for a ban on the use of these fishing nets.
a resolution condemning something The UN Security Council tabled a resolution condemning the invasion.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

resolution

reso·lution AW [resolution resolutions]   [ˌrezəˈluːʃn]    [ˌrezəˈluːʃn]  noun
1. countable a formal statement of an opinion agreed on by a committee or a council, especially by means of a vote
to pass/adopt/carry a resolution

• The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution calling for a halt to hostilities.

2. uncountable, singular the act of solving or settling a problem, disagreement, etc.
Syn:  settlement

• The government is pressing for an early resolution of the dispute.

3. uncountable the quality of being resolute or determined
Syn:  resolve
• The reforms owe a great deal to the resolution of one man.

• Her resolution never faltered.

4. countable ~ (to do sth) a firm decision to do or not to do sth
She made a resolution to visit her relatives more often.

• Have you made any New Year's resolutions (= for example, to give up smoking from 1 January)?

5. uncountable, singular the power of a computer screen, printer, etc. to give a clear image, depending on the size of the dots that make up the image
high-resolution graphics  
Word Origin:
late Middle English: from Latin resolutio(n-), from resolvere ‘loosen, release’, from re- (expressing intensive force) + solvere ‘loosen’.  
Example Bank:
Hopes of a peaceful resolution to the conflict were fading.
I made a New Year resolution to give up smoking.
She showed great resolution in her dealings with management.
The General Assembly rejected the resolution on the subject of arms control.
The assembly adopted a resolution approving the plan.
The government is pressing for an early resolution of the hostage crisis.
The legislature has approved a resolution calling for the removal of such advertising.
The resolution called for the resumption of negotiations.
The resolution was carried unanimously.
a joint US-British resolution
a monitor capable of a 1 024 by 768 pixel resolution
a resolution condemning the invasion
a resolution declaring independence
methods of conflict resolution
the likelihood of achieving a satisfactory resolution to the problem
the non-violent resolution of conflict
weapons banned under Resolution 687
• Have you made any New Year's resolutions?

• She has worked in the field of conflict resolution and mediation for many years.

 

 

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

resolution / ˌrez.əˈluː.ʃ ə n / noun (DECISION)

C2 [ C ] an official decision that is made after a group or organization have voted:

to approve/adopt a resolution

[ + to infinitive ] The United Nations passed (= voted to support) a resolution to increase aid to the Third World.

C2 [ C ] a promise to yourself to do or to not do something:

[ + to infinitive ] I made a resolution to give up chocolate.

 

resolution / ˌrez.əˈluː.ʃ ə n / noun [ U ] ( also resoluteness ) formal approving (DETERMINATION)

determination:

He showed great resolution in facing the robbers.

 

resolution / ˌrez.əˈluː.ʃ ə n / noun [ S or U ] formal (SOLVING)

C2 the act of solving or ending a problem or difficulty:

a successful resolution to the crisis

 

resolution / ˌrez.əˈluː.ʃ ə n / noun [ U ] specialized (DETAIL)

the ability of a microscope, or a television or computer screen, to show things clearly and with a lot of detail:

a high/low resolution image

 

resolution / ˌrez.əˈluː.ʃ ə n / noun [ U ] specialized (SEPARATION)

the act of separating or being separated into clearly different parts:

the resolution of oil into bitumen and tar

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

resolution

[re̱zəlu͟ːʃ(ə)n]
 
 resolutions
 1) N-COUNT: usu N supp, oft N num A resolution is a formal decision taken at a meeting by means of a vote.
  He replied that the UN had passed two major resolutions calling for a complete withdrawal.
  ...a draft resolution on the occupied territories.
 2) N-COUNT If you make a resolution, you decide to try very hard to do something.
 → See also New Year's resolution
  They made a resolution to lose all the weight gained during the Christmas period.
 3) N-UNCOUNT Resolution is determination to do something or not do something.
  `I think I'll try a hypnotist,' I said with sudden resolution.
 4) N-SING: oft N to/of n The resolution of a problem or difficulty is the final solving of it. [FORMAL]
  ...the successful resolution of a dispute involving UN inspectors in Baghdad.
  ...in order to find a peaceful resolution to the crisis.
 5) N-UNCOUNT: usu with supp The resolution of an image is how clear the image is. [TECHNICAL]
  Now this machine gives us such high resolution that we can see very small specks of calcium.

 

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

resolution

res·o·lu·tion /ˌrɛzəˈluːʃən/ noun, pl -tions
1 a [noncount] : the act of finding an answer or solution to a conflict, problem, etc. : the act of resolving something
• a court for the resolution of civil disputes
• conflict resolution
b [count] : an answer or solution to something
• We found a resolution to the dispute.
2 : the ability of a device to show an image clearly and with a lot of detail

[count]

• computer screens with high resolutions

[noncount]

• The monitor has excellent resolution.
• a high-resolution copier/monitor/camera
3 [count] : a promise to yourself that you will make a serious effort to do something that you should do
• He made a resolution to lose weight. [=he resolved to lose weight]
• Her New Year's resolution [=her promise to do something differently in the new year] is to exercise regularly.
4 [noncount] : the quality of being very determined to do something : determination
• They admired his courage and resolution. [=resolve]
5 [count] : a formal statement that expresses the feelings, wishes, or decision of a group
• The assembly passed a resolution calling for the university president to step down.
6 [noncount] : the point in a story at which the main conflict is solved or ended
• the resolution of the plot

worthless

worthless [adjective] (NO MONEY)

having no value in money

US /ˈwɝːθ.ləs/ 
UK /ˈwɜːθ.ləs/ 

بی ارزش، بلا استفاده،‌ به‌دردنخور

مثال: 

He said the jewels were worthless fakes. 

Oxford Essential Dictionary

worthless

 adjective
having no value or use:
A cheque is worthless if you don't sign it.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

worthless

worthless /ˈwɜːθləs $ ˈwɜːrθ-/ adjective
[Word Family: noun: worth, worthlessness, worthy, unworthiness; adjective: worth, worthless, worthwhile, worthy ≠ unworthy]
1. something that is worthless has no value, importance, or use OPP valuable:
The house was full of worthless junk.
The information was worthless to me.
2. a worthless person has no good qualities or useful skills SYN useless:
His parents had made him feel worthless.
—worthlessness noun [uncountable]:
She struggled to overcome her feelings of worthlessness.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

worthless

worth·less [worthless worthlessness]   [ˈwɜːθləs]    [ˈwɜːrθləs]  adjective
1. having no practical or financial value
• Critics say his paintings are worthless.

Opp:  valuable

2. (of a person) having no good qualities or useful skills
a worthless individual
Constant rejections made him feel worthless.
Derived Word: worthlessness  
Example Bank:
The diseased plants are worthless to the farmer.
The opinion polls were dismissed as worthless.
These contradictions made his evidence worthless.
Constant rejections made her feel worthless.
• He's just a worthless individual.

• Shares in the company are now almost worthless.

worth

 

worth [worth worths] adjective, noun   [wɜːθ]    [wɜːrθ] 

adjective not before noun (used like a preposition, followed by a noun, pronoun or number, or by the -ing form of a verb)
1. ~ sth having a value in money, etc
Our house is worth about £100 000.
How much is this painting worth?
to be worth a bomb/packet/fortune (= a lot of money)
• It isn't worth much.

• If you answer this question correctly, it's worth five points.
2. used to recommend the action mentioned because you think it may be useful, enjoyable, etc.
~ sth The museum is certainly worth a visit.
~ doing sth This idea is well worth considering.

• It's worth making an appointment before you go.
3. ~ sth/doing sth important, good or enjoyable enough to make sb feel satisfied, especially when difficulty or effort is involved
Was it worth the effort?
The new house really wasn't worth all the expense involved.
The job involves a lot of hard work but it's worth it.
The trip was expensive but it was worth every penny.

see also  worthwhile

4. ~ sth (of a person) having money and possessions of a particular value
He's worth £10 million.
more at a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush at  bird, more than your job's worth (to do sth) at  job  
Word Origin:
Old English w(e)orth (adjective and noun), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch waard and German wert.  
Synonyms:
price
cost value expense worth
These words all refer to the amount of money that you have to pay for sth.
pricethe amount of money that you have to pay for an item or service: house prices How much are these? They don't have a price on them. I can't afford it at that price .
costthe amount of money that you need in order to buy, make or do sth: A new computer system has been installed at a cost of £80 000.
valuehow much sth is worth in money or other goods for which it can be exchanged: The winner will receive a prize to the value of £1 000.
Especially in British English, value can also mean how much sth is worth compared with its price: This restaurant is excellent value (= is worth the money it costs) .
price, cost or value?
The price is what sb asks you to pay for an item or service: to ask/charge a high price ◊ to ask/charge a high cost/value. Obtaining or achieving sth may have a cost; the value of sth is how much other people would be willing to pay for it: house prices the cost of moving house The house now has a market value of one million pounds.
expensethe money that you spend on sth; sth that makes you spend money: The garden was transformed at great expense . Running a car is a big expense.
worththe financial value of sb/sth: He has a personal net worth of $10 million.
Worth is more often used to mean the practical or moral value of sth.
the high price/cost/value
the real/true price/cost/value/worth
to put/set a price/value on sth
to increase/reduce the price/cost/value/expense
to raise/double/lower the price/cost/value
to cut the price/cost 
Example Bank:
It's so unimportant it's hardly worth mentioning.
Most of the candidates were not considered worth interviewing.
This book is well worth reading.
This order is potentially worth millions of pounds to the company.
It isn't worth much.
Our house is worth about $300 000.
• to be worth a bomb/packet/fortune

Idioms: for all it is worth  for what it's worth  not worth the candle  not worth the paper it's written on  worth its salt  worth its weight in gold  worth somebody's while 

noun uncountable
1. ten dollars', £40, etc. ~ of sth an amount of sth that has the value mentioned
• The winner will receive ten pounds' worth of books.

• a dollar's worth of change

2. a week's, month's, etc. ~ of sth an amount of sth that lasts a week, etc.

3. the financial, practical or moral value of sb/sth
Their contribution was of great worth.
The activities help children to develop a sense of their own worth.
A good interview enables candidates to prove their worth (= show how good they are).
a personal net worth of $10 million
see put in your two cents' worth at  cent  n., get your money's worth at  money  
Word Origin:
Old English w(e)orth (adjective and noun), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch waard and German wert.  
Example Bank:
Asking for advice from people affirms their personal worth.
Can you give me some estimate of its worth?
Cutting out the debts will increase your net worth.
He never contributed anything of worth to the conversation.
I only found out its real worth when I tried to buy another one.
She has no sense of her own worth.
She knows her own worth.
Some experts doubt the economic worth of the project.
Study has an intrinsic worth, as well as helping you achieve your goals.
The emergency lighting has proved its worth this year.
The insurance company agreed to pay the car's current market worth.
They are looking for a new sales manager of proven worth.
They don't appreciate her at her real worth.
This necklace isn't worth anything in money terms, but its worth to me is incalculable.
A good job interview should help candidates prove their worth.
• He has a personal net worth of $10 million.

• The children here quickly gain a sense of their own worth.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

worth

worth (IMPORTANCE) /wɜːθ/ US /wɝːθ/
noun [U]
the importance or usefulness of something or someone:
He felt as though he had no worth.
She has proved her worth on numerous occasions.
The study proved that women were paid less than men holding jobs of comparable worth.

worth /wɜːθ/ US /wɝːθ/
adjective
1 be worth sth to be important or interesting enough to receive a particular action:
I think this matter is worth our attention.
When you're in Reykjavik, the National Museum is worth a visit.

2 be worth having/doing sth to be important or useful to have or do:
There's nothing worth reading in this newspaper.
If you are a young, inexperienced driver, it is worth having comprehensive insurance.
It's worth remembering that prices go up on February 1st.

worthless /ˈwɜːθ.ləs/ US /ˈwɝːθ-/
adjective
unimportant or useless:
She was criticised so much by her employers that she began to feel worthless.

worthlessness /ˈwɜːθ.lə.snəs/ US /ˈwɝːθ-/
noun [U]
People who have been abused as children often experience feelings/a sense of worthlessness.

worth (MONEY) /wɜːθ/ US /wɝːθ/
noun [U]
1 the amount of money which something can be sold for; value:
The estimated worth of the plastics and petrochemical industry is about $640 billion.

2 £20/$100, etc. worth of sth the amount of something that you could buy for £20/$100, etc:
$4 million worth of souvenirs and gift items have been produced for the event.

worth /wɜːθ/ US /wɝːθ/
adjective
1 having a particular value, especially in money:
Our house is worth about £200 000.
Heroin worth about $5 million was seized.

2 INFORMAL possessing a particular amount of money:
She must be worth at least half a million.

worthless /ˈwɜːθ.ləs/ US /ˈwɝːθ-/
adjective
having no value in money:
The company's shares are now virtually worthless shares.
He said the jewels were worthless fakes.

worthlessness /ˈwɜːθ.lə.snəs/ US /ˈwɝːθ-/
noun [U]

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

worthless

[wɜ͟ː(r)θləs]
 1) ADJ-GRADED Something that is worthless is of no real value or use.
  The guarantee could be worthless if the firm goes out of business...
  Training is worthless unless there is proof that it works.
  ...a worthless piece of old junk.
  Syn:
  useless
 2) ADJ-GRADED: usu v-link ADJ Someone who is described as worthless is considered to have no good qualities or skills.
  You feel you really are completely worthless and unlovable.
  Derived words:
  worthlessness N-UNCOUNT ...feelings of worthlessness and inadequacy.

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

worthless

worth·less /ˈwɚɵləs/ adj [more ~; most ~]
1 a : having no financial value
worthless coins/stocks
b : having no use, importance, or effect
• This land is worthless [=useless] for agriculture.
• The boots may be nice, but they're worthless if they don't fit you.
• a worthless guarantee
• an uninformed, worthless opinion
2 : having no good qualities
• a worthless coward
• She's depressed and believes that she's worthless.
- worth·less·ness noun [noncount]
• feelings of worthlessness
• the worthlessness of his argument

Wiktionary

worthless

  adjective
Not having worth and use , without value , inconsequential .
Lies are as important as truth, for without lies, the truth is worthless.
Syn: useless , miserable , valueless

trait

trait [noun] )

a particular characteristic that can produce a particular type of behaviour

US /treɪt/ 
UK /treɪt/ 

ويژگى‌، خصلت‌

مثال: 

personality traits

ویژگی های شخصیتی

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

trait

trait /treɪ, treɪt $ treɪt/ BrE AmE noun [countable]
[Date: 1500-1600; Language: French; Origin: 'act of pulling, trait', from Latin tractus; ⇨ ↑tract]
formal a particular quality in someone’s character
personality/character traits
a mental illness associated with particular personality traits
genetic/inherited traits

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

trait

 

 

trait [trait traits]   [treɪt]    [treɪt]  noun
a particular quality in your personality
personality traits
Awareness of class is a typically British trait.  
Word Origin:
mid 16th cent.: from French, from Latin tractus ‘drawing, draught’, from trahere ‘draw, pull’. An early sense was ‘stroke of the pen or pencil in a picture’, giving rise to the sense ‘a particular feature of mind or character’ (mid 18th cent.).  
Example Bank:
She shares several character traits with her father.
We do not know which behavioural traits are inherited and which acquired.
a collection of traits associated with schizophrenia
• the composer's stylistic traits

• personality/character traits

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

trait / treɪt / noun [ C ]

C2 a particular characteristic that can produce a particular type of behaviour:

His sense of humour is one of his better traits.

Arrogance is a very unattractive personality/character trait.

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

trait

[tre͟ɪt, tre͟ɪ]
 traits
 N-COUNT: with supp
 A trait is a particular characteristic, quality, or tendency that someone or something has.
  The study found that some alcoholics had clear personality traits showing up early in childhood...
  Creativity is a human trait.

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

trait

 

trait /ˈtreɪt, Brit ˈtreɪ/ noun, pl traits [count] formal : a quality that makes one person or thing different from another
• Humility is an admirable trait. [=quality]
• This dog breed has a number of desirable traits.
• feminine/masculine traits
• inherited and acquired traits

 

optimism

optimism [noun]

the quality of being full of hope and emphasizing the good parts of a situation, or a belief that something good will happen

US /ˈɑːp.tə.mɪ.zəm/ 
UK /ˈɒp.tɪ.mɪ.zəm/ 

خوشبينى

مثال: 

I prefer optimism to pessimism.

من‌ خوشبينى‌ را به‌ بدبينى‌ ترجيح‌ مى‌دهم‌.

Oxford Essential Dictionary

optimism

 noun (no plural)
the feeling that good things will happen opposite pessimism

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

optimism

optimism /ˈɒptəmɪzəm, ˈɒptɪmɪzəm $ ˈɑːp-/ BrE AmE noun [uncountable]
[Date: 1700-1800; Language: French; Origin: optimisme, from Latin optimum; ⇨ ↑optimum]
a tendency to believe that good things will always happen OPP pessimism
grounds/cause/reason for optimism
Recent results must give some cause for optimism.
There are grounds for cautious optimism.
mood/sense of optimism
a new sense of optimism in the country
optimism (that)
There was optimism that an agreement could be reached.
optimism about
I don’t share his optimism about our chances of success.
• • •
COLLOCATIONS
■ adverbs
great optimism The team was in a mood of great optimism.
considerable optimism These figures indicate that we can go into next year with considerable optimism.
cautious/guarded optimism (=the belief that a future situation will be good or better than before, although you cannot be not sure) The U.N. sees cause for cautious optimism in what has been achieved so far. | He expressed guarded optimism about the company's future.
false optimism (=optimism based on wrong ideas or information) In his speech he warned against false optimism about the immediate future.
initial/early optimism (=optimism that you feel at the start of a process, especially when it does not continue) There was initial optimism about a breakthrough in relations between the two countries.
new/renewed optimism (=optimism that you start to feel again, after you stopped feeling it) The new leadership has brought renewed optimism.
■ verbs
express optimism Diplomats expressed optimism about the progress of the talks.
share somebody's optimism (=feel the optimism that someone else feels) After so many problems, I found it hard to share his optimism.
optimism grows His optimism grew as the time came nearer for his release.
optimism prevails/reigns (=optimism is the strongest feeling) Despite the crisis, optimism prevailed.
■ phrases
be grounds/cause/reason for optimism The lower crime figures are certainly grounds for optimism.
a mood/sense of optimism A mood of optimism prevails in the White House.
a wave/surge of optimism (=a sudden strong feeling of optimism) The team are riding a wave of optimism after their recent victory.
be (little/no) room for optimism (=have a possibility that things might get better) There is little room for optimism in the current financial situation.
be full of optimism (=be feeling that good things will happen) The 1970s began full of optimism and confidence about world development .

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

optimism

 

 

op·ti·mism   [ˈɒptɪmɪzəm]    [ˈɑːptɪmɪzəm]  noun uncountable ~ (about/for sth)
a feeling that good things will happen and that sth will be successful; the tendency to have this feeling
optimism about/for the future
We may now look forward with optimism.
a mood of cautious optimism
There are very real grounds for optimism.
Both sides have expressed optimism about the chances of an early agreement.
Opp:  pessimism  
Word Origin:
[optimism] mid 18th cent.: from French optimisme, from Latin optimum ‘best thing’, neuter (used as a noun) of optimus ‘best’.  
Example Bank:
Despite the crisis a cautious optimism prevailed.
Her optimism turned out to be misplaced.
I find it hard to share his optimism.
The 1970s began still full of optimism.
The government expressed optimism about the success of the negotiations.
The news caused a wave of optimism.
There are now very real grounds for optimism.
There was a note of optimism in his voice.
We can look to the future with considerable optimism.
When the 1970s began, we were still full of optimism.
great optimism for the future
renewed optimism among mortgage lenders
• He returned with renewed optimism about the future.

• Some people talked of a mood of cautious optimism.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

optimism / ˈɒp.tɪ.mɪ.z ə m /   / ˈɑːp.tə- / noun [ U ]

C2 the quality of being full of hope and emphasizing the good parts of a situation, or a belief that something good will happen:

There was a note of optimism in his voice as he spoke about the company's future.

Judging from your exam results, I think you have cause/grounds/reason for cautious optimism about getting a university place.

→  Opposite pessimism

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

optimism

[ɒ̱ptɪmɪzəm]
 N-UNCOUNT
 Optimism is the feeling of being hopeful about the future or about the success of something in particular.
  The Indian Prime Minister has expressed optimism about India's future relations with the USA.
  ...a mood of cautious optimism.
 Syn:
 confidence
 Ant:
 pessimism

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

optimism

 

op·ti·mism /ˈɑːptəˌmɪzəm/ noun [noncount] : a feeling or belief that good things will happen in the future : a feeling or belief that what you hope for will happen
• Both of them expressed optimism about the future of the town.
• The early sales reports are cause/reason/grounds for optimism.
• Most of us reacted to the news with cautious/guarded optimism. [=a feeling that something good may happen but will not definitely happen]
• There is growing optimism that the problem can be corrected.
• He maintains a sense of optimism, despite all that has happened.
- opposite pessimism

dim

dim [adjective] (NOT CLEAR)

Not giving or having much light

US /dɪm/ 
UK /dɪm/ 

کم نور

مثال: 

This light is too dim to read by. 

این نور برای مطالعه بسیار کم است . 

Oxford Essential Dictionary

dim

 adjective (dimmer, dimmest)
not bright or clear:
The light was so dim that we couldn't see anything.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

dim

I. dim1 /dɪm/ BrE AmE adjective (comparative dimmer, superlative dimmest)
[Language: Old English]
1. DARK fairly dark or not giving much light, so that you cannot see well OPP bright:
in the dim light of the early dawn
a dim glow
2. SHAPE a dim shape is one which is not easy to see because it is too far away, or there is not enough light:
The dim outline of a building loomed up out of the mist.
3. take a dim view of something to disapprove of something:
Miss Watson took a dim view of Paul’s behaviour.
4. dim recollection/awareness etc a memory or understanding of something that is not clear in your mind SYN vague:
Laura had a dim recollection of someone telling her this before.
5. EYES literary dim eyes are weak and cannot see well:
Isaac was old and his eyes were dim.
6. FUTURE CHANCES if your chances of success in the future are dim, they are not good:
Prospects for an early settlement of the dispute are dim.
7. in the dim and distant past a very long time ago – used humorously
8. NOT INTELLIGENT informal not intelligent:
You can be really dim sometimes!
—dimly adverb:
a dimly lit room
She was only dimly aware of the risk.
—dimness noun [uncountable]
• • •
THESAURUS
dark if a place is dark, there is little or no light: The room was very dark. | No, you can’t play outside, it’s too dark. | It was a dark night with clouds covering the moon.
dimly-lit a dimly-lit building or place is fairly dark because the lights there are not very bright: a dimly-lit restaurant | The church was dimly lit.
dim a dim light is fairly dark: The camera can take good pictures even in dim lighting. | The evening sky grew dim.
darkened a darkened room or building is darker than usual, especially because its lights have been turned off or the curtains have been drawn: The prisoner lay in a darkened room. | The play starts with a darkened stage, and the sound of a woman singing softly.
gloomy a gloomy place or room is not at all bright or cheerful: The bar was gloomy and smelled of stale cigar smoke.
murky dark and difficult to see through – used especially about water: the murky waters of the lake | I could hardly see him in the murky light of the bar.
pitch-dark/pitch-black completely dark, so that nothing can be seen: It was pitch-dark inside the shed.
shady a shady place is cooler and darker than the area around it, because the light of the sun cannot reach it: It was nice and shady under the trees. | They found a shady spot for a picnic.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

dim

dim [dim dims dimmed dimming dimmer dimmest] adjective, verb   [dɪm]    [dɪm]

adjective (dim·mer, dim·mest

LIGHT
1. not bright
• the dim glow of the fire in the grate

• This light is too dim to read by.  

PLACE

2. where you cannot see well because there is not much light

• a dim room/street  

SHAPE

3. that you cannot see well because there is not much light
• the dim outline of a house in the moonlight

• I could see a dim shape in the doorway.  

EYES

4. not able to see well

• His eyesight is getting dim.  

MEMORIES

5. that you cannot remember or imagine clearly
Syn:  vague
dim memories
• She had a dim recollection of the visit.

(humorous) in the dim and distant past  

PERSON

6. (informal, especially BrE) not intelligent

• He's very dim.  

SITUATION

7. not giving any reason to have hope; not good
Her future career prospects look dim.  
Word Origin:
Old English dim, dimm, of Germanic origin; related to German dialect timmer.  
Thesaurus:
dim adj.
1.
The light was too dim to read by.
faintweaksoft|literary thin
Opp: bright
dim/faint/weak/soft/thin light
a dim/faint/soft glow
a dim/faint outline
Dim, faint or weak? Dim describes light in a room or place when it is not bright enough to see clearly; faint describes a particular point of light which is hard to see; weak usually describes sunlight that is not bright.
2.
They stepped into the dim and cluttered shop.
gloomydrearydingy
Opp: bright
a dim/gloomy/dreary/dingy room
a dim/gloomy corridor/interior/street
a dim/gloomy/dreary place/day  
Example Bank:
He seems incredibly dim sometimes!
He was good-natured but rather dim.
The living room looked dim and shadowy.
A dim lamp swung in the entrance.
A voice came from the dim interior.
It was hard to see in the dim glow of the streetlights.
Owls' eyesight is good in dim light.
She was a pleasant but rather dim young woman.
The light is too dim to read by.
The room was dim because the curtains were half drawn.
The room was very dim with a murky greenish light.
They stepped into the dim and cluttered little shop.
Idiom: take a dim view of somebody

Derived Word: dimness 

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

dim / dɪm / adjective ( dimmer , dimmest ) (NOT CLEAR)

C2 not giving or having much light:

The lamp gave out a dim light.

He sat in a dim corner of the waiting room.

We could see a dim (= not easily seen) shape in the fog.

literary If your eyes are dim, you cannot see very well. a dim memory, recollection, etc. C2 something that you remember slightly, but not very well:

I had a dim recollection of having met her before.

 

dimly / ˈdɪm.li / adverb

The room was dimly lit.

I dimly remembered seeing the film before.

 

dimness / ˈdɪm.nəs / noun [ U ]
 

dim / dɪm / adjective ( dimmer , dimmest ) informal (NOT CLEVER)

not very clever:

He's a nice guy, but a little dim.

Don't be dim!

 

dimly / ˈdɪm.li / adverb

The room was dimly lit.

I dimly remembered seeing the film before.

 

dimness / ˈdɪm.nəs / noun [ U ]
 

dim / dɪm / adjective ( dimmer , dimmest ) (NOT POSITIVE)

not likely to succeed:

The company's prospects for the future are rather dim.

 

dimly / ˈdɪm.li / adverb

The room was dimly lit.

I dimly remembered seeing the film before.

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

dim

/dɪm/
(dimmer, dimmest, dims, dimming, dimmed)

1.
Dim light is not bright.
She stood waiting, in the dim light...
ADJ
dim‧ly
He followed her into a dimly lit kitchen.
ADV: ADV after v, ADV -ed
dim‧ness
...the dimness of an early September evening.
N-UNCOUNT

2.
A dim place is rather dark because there is not much light in it.
The room was dim and cool and quiet.
ADJ
dim‧ness
I squinted to adjust my eyes to the dimness.
N-UNCOUNT

3.
A dim figure or object is not very easy to see, either because it is in shadow or darkness, or because it is far away.
Pete’s torch picked out the dim figures of Bob and Chang.
= faint
ADJ
dim‧ly
The shoreline could be dimly seen.
ADV: usu ADV with v

4.
If you have a dim memory or understanding of something, it is difficult to remember or is unclear in your mind.
It seems that the ’60s era of social activism is all but a dim memory.
= hazy
ADJ: usu ADJ n
dim‧ly
Christina dimly recalled the procedure...
ADV: ADV with v, ADV adj

5.
If the future of something is dim, you have no reason to feel hopeful or positive about it.
The prospects for a peaceful solution are dim.
bright
ADJ

6.
If you describe someone as dim, you think that they are stupid. (INFORMAL)
ADJ

7.
If you dim a light or if it dims, it becomes less bright.
Dim the lighting–it is unpleasant to lie with a bright light shining in your eyes...
The houselights dimmed.
VERB: V n, V

8.
If your future, hopes, or emotions dim or if something dims them, they become less good or less strong.
Their economic prospects have dimmed...
Forty eight years of marriage have not dimmed the passion between Bill and Helen.
VERB: V, V n

9.
If your memories dim or if something dims them, they become less clear in your mind.
Their memory of what happened has dimmed...
The intervening years had dimmed his memory.
VERB: V, V n

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

1dim /ˈdɪm/ adj dim·mer; dim·mest
1 : not bright or clear
• I found her sitting in a dim [=dark] corner of the restaurant.
• a dim [=obscure, faint] light
dim stars : not seen clearly
• Just the dim outline of the building could be seen through the fog.
2 : not understood or remembered in a clear way
• We had only a dim [=faint, vague] notion of what was going on.
• I have a dim memory of your last visit.
- see also the dim and distant past at distant
3 : not likely to be good or successful
• Prospects for a quick settlement of the strike appear dim. [=unlikely]
• (US) The industry faces a dim [=grim] future.
4 : not good or favorable - used in the phrase dim view
• The author's dim view [=bad opinion] of politicians is apparent throughout the book.
• She takes a dim view of human nature. [=she believes that people are naturally bad]
• Many fans take a dim view of [=many fans are unhappy about] recent changes in the team.
5 informal : not intelligent : stupid or dim-witted
• She found him pretty dim at times.
- dim·ly adv
• The lights were shining dimly.
• a dimly lit room
• I dimly remember him.
- dim·ness noun [noncount]
• the gray dimness of dawn

fraud

fraud [noun] (crime)

The crime of getting money by deceiving people

US /frɑːd/ 
UK /frɔːd/ 

کلاهبرداری

مثال: 

He got the money by fraud.

او پول‌ را از راه‌ كلاهبردارى به‌ دست‌ آورد.‏

Oxford Essential Dictionary

fraud

 noun

1 (no plural) doing things that are not honest to get money:
His father was sent to prison for fraud.

2 (plural frauds) a person or thing that is not what they seem to be:
He said he was a police officer but I knew he was a fraud.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

fraud

fraud /frɔːd $ frɒːd/ BrE AmE noun
[Date: 1300-1400; Language: Old French; Origin: fraude, from Latin fraus 'deceiving']
1. [uncountable and countable] the crime of deceiving people in order to gain something such as money or goods
tax/insurance/credit card etc fraud
He’s been charged with tax fraud.
electoral fraud
She was found guilty of fraud.
2. [countable] someone or something that is not what it is claimed to be:
I felt like a fraud.
The police exposed the letter as a fraud.
• • •
THESAURUS
■ crimes of stealing
robbery noun [uncountable and countable] the crime of stealing from a bank, shop etc: £100,000 was stolen in the robbery. | The gang carried out a string of daring robberies.
burglary noun [uncountable and countable] the crime of breaking into someone’s home in order to steal things: There have been several burglaries in our area.
theft noun [uncountable and countable] the crime of stealing something: Car theft is a big problem. | thefts of credit cards
shoplifting noun [uncountable] the crime of taking things from shops without paying for them: They get money for drugs from shoplifting.
fraud noun [uncountable and countable] the crime of getting money from people by tricking them: He’s been charged with tax fraud. | credit card fraud
larceny noun [uncountable] especially American English law the crime of stealing something: He was found guilty of larceny.
phishing noun [uncountable] the activity of tricking people into giving their personal details, bank numbers etc on the Internet, in order to steal money from them: One in four computer users reports that they have been hit by phishing attempts.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

fraud

fraud [fraud frauds]   [frɔːd]    [frɔːd]  noun
1. uncountable, countable the crime of cheating sb in order to get money or goods illegally
She was charged with credit card fraud.
property that has been obtained by fraud

a $100 million fraud

2. countable a person who pretends to have qualities, abilities, etc. that they do not really have in order to cheat other people
He's nothing but a liar and a fraud.

She felt a fraud accepting their sympathy (= because she was not really sad).

3. countable something that is not as good, useful, etc. as people claim it is 
Word Origin:
Middle English: from Old French fraude, from Latin fraus, fraud- ‘deceit, injury’.  
Thesaurus:
fraud noun
1. U
The property had been obtained by fraud.
dishonestydeceitdeception
be guilty of/accuse sb of fraud/dishonesty/deceit/deception
practise/obtain sth by fraud/deceit/deception
use/admit/confess to/deny fraud/deception
2. C
He helped prevent a $100 million fraud.
informal scamracketgamecon
a $100 million fraud/scam/racket
a/an insurance/financial fraud/scam
operate/run/be involved in a fraud/scam/racket
control a fraud/racket 
Collocations:
Crime
Committing a crime
commit a crime/a murder/a violent assault/a brutal killing/an armed robbery/fraud
be involved in terrorism/a suspected arson attack/people smuggling/human trafficking
engage/participate in criminal activity/illegal practices/acts of mindless vandalism
steal sb's wallet/purse/(BrE) mobile phone/(NAmE) cell phone
rob a bank/a person/a tourist
break into/ (BrE) burgle/ (NAmE) burglarize a house/a home/an apartment
hijack a plane/ship/bus
smuggle drugs/weapons/arms/immigrants
launder drug money (through sth)
forge documents/certificates/passports
take/accept/pay sb/offer (sb) a bribe
run a phishing/an email/an Internet scam
Fighting crime
combat/fight crime/terrorism/corruption/drug trafficking
prevent/stop credit-card fraud/child abuse/software piracy
deter/stop criminals/burglars/thieves/shoplifters/vandals
reduce/tackle/crack down on knife/gun/violent/street crime; (especially BrE) antisocial behaviour
foil a bank raid/a terrorist plot
help/support/protect the victims of crime
Investigating crime
report a crime/a theft/a rape/an attack/(especially BrE) an incident to the police
witness the crime/attack/murder/incident
investigate a murder/(especially NAmE) a homicide/a burglary/a robbery/the alleged incident
conduct/launch/pursue an investigation (into…); (especially BrE) a police/murder inquiry
investigate/reopen a criminal/murder case
examine/investigate/find fingerprints at the crime scene/the scene of crime
collect/gather forensic evidence
uncover new evidence/a fraud/a scam/a plot/a conspiracy/political corruption/a cache of weapons
describe/identify a suspect/the culprit/the perpetrator/the assailant/the attacker
question/interrogate a suspect/witness
solve/crack the case
more collocations at justice  
Example Bank:
detectives from the fraud squad
He helped prevent a $100 million fraud.

It was said that the property had been obtained by fraud.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary - 4th Edition
 

fraud / frɔːd /   / frɑːd / noun [ C or U ] (CRIME)

C2 the crime of getting money by deceiving people:

credit card fraud

He is fighting extradition to Hong Kong to face trial on fraud charges .
 

fraud / frɔːd /   / frɑːd / noun [ C ] (FALSE)

C2 someone or something that deceives people by saying that they are someone or something that they are not:

She was a psychic who was later revealed to be a fraud.

© Cambridge University Press 2013

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

fraud

/frɔ:d/
(frauds)

Frequency: The word is one of the 3000 most common words in English.

1.
Fraud is the crime of gaining money or financial benefits by a trick or by lying.
He was jailed for two years for fraud and deception...
Tax frauds are dealt with by the Inland Revenue.
N-VAR

2.
A fraud is something or someone that deceives people in a way that is illegal or dishonest.
He believes many ‘psychics’ are frauds who rely on perception and subtle deception.
N-COUNT

3.
If you call someone or something a fraud, you are criticizing them because you think that they are not genuine, or are less good than they claim or appear to be.
...all those fashion frauds who think they are being original by raiding the tired old styles of the ’60s.
N-COUNT [disapproval]

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Dictionary: 

fraud
fraud /ˈfrɑːd/ noun, pl frauds
1 : the crime of using dishonest methods to take something valuable from another person

[noncount]

• He was found guilty of bank fraud.
• credit card fraud

[count]

• He was the victim of an elaborate fraud.
- see also wire fraud
2 [count]
a : a person who pretends to be what he or she is not in order to trick people
• He claimed he was a licensed psychologist, but he turned out to be a fraud.
b : a copy of something that is meant to look like the real thing in order to trick people
• The UFO picture was proved to be a fraud.

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